Spasskaya Tower, Moscow Kremlin #Spasskaya #Tower #Moscow #Kremlin #SpasskayaTower #MoscowKremlin


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The Spasskaya Tower – Spaskaja Bashnya (спасская башня),
Location Moscow, Russia
Height 71 metres (233 ft)
Design and construction
Architect Pietro Antonio Solari

The Spasskaya Tower (Russian: Спасская башня, tr. Spasskaya Bashnya), translated as ‘Saviour Tower’, is the main tower on the eastern wall of the Moscow Kremlin which overlooks the Red Square.

The Spasskaya Tower was built in 1491 by the Italian architect Pietro Antonio Solari. Initially, it was named the Frolovskaya Tower after the Church of Frol and Lavr in the Kremlin, which is no longer there. The tower’s modern name comes from the icon of ‘Spas Nerukotvorny’ (Russian: Спас Нерукотворный) translated as ‘The Saviour Not Made by Hands’, which was placed above the gates on the inside wall in 1658 and removed in 1917. The tower is also named for the wall-painted icon of ‘Spas Smolensky’ (Russian: Спас Смоленский) translated as ‘Smolensky Saviour’, which was created in the 16th century on the outside wall of tower, plastered over in 1937, but reopened and restored in 2010.

The Spasskaya Tower was the first tower of the many Moscow Kremlin Towers to be crowned with the hipped roof in 1624–1625 by architects Bazhen Ogurtsov and Christopher Galloway (a Scottish architect and clock maker). According to a number of historical accounts, the clock on the Spasskaya Tower appeared between 1491 and 1585. It is usually referred to as the Kremlin chimes (Кремлёвские куранты) and designates official Moscow Time. The clock face has a diameter of 20 feet. The gate of Spasskaya Tower was used to greet dignitaries, and was also used during formal ceremonies or processions.

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