San Xavier against the black

Wilson Wyatt  Photography

Scottsdale, United States

  • Artist
    Notes

Artist's Description

From the earliest times, the Tohono O’odham settlement in which the Mission is located was called Bac, “place where the water appears,” because the Santa Cruz River, which ran underground for some distance, reappears on the surface nearby.
The celebrated Jesuit missionary and explorer, Father Eusebio Francisco Kino, first visited Bac in 1692. Eight years later in 1700, Father Kino laid the foundations of the first church, some two miles north of the present site of the Mission. He named it San Xavier in honor of his chosen patron, St. Francis Xavier, the illustrious Jesuit “Apostle of the Indies.”

In 1768, Fray Francisco Hermengildo Garces, a man of outstanding personality and prodigious accomplishments among all missionaries in Arizona, established his headquarters at San Xavier. From here this Franciscan Friar set forth on his many missionary explorations.

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