Monument Tsar Peter 1 in Taganrog, Russia. Peter 1 founded Taganrog and St. Petersburg.Statue by Mark Antokolski.


Taganrog, Russian Federation

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Peter the Great was born in 1672 and hi died in 1725. Peter was tsar of Russia from 1682 to 1725.

Peter implemented sweeping reforms aimed at modernizing Russia. Heavily influenced by his advisors from Western Europe, Peter reorganized the Russian army along modern lines and dreamed of making Russia a maritime power. Hi faced much opposition to these policies at home, but brutallu suppressed any and all rebellions against his authority, the rebelling of strelsy Bashkirs, Astrakhan and including the greatest civil uprising of his reign, the Bulavin Rebellion. Further, Peter implemented social modernization in an absolute manner by recuiring courtiers, state officials, and the military to shave their beards and adopt modern clothing styles.
To improve his nation’s position on the seas, Peter sought to gain more mantime outlets. His only outlet at the time was the White Sea at Arkhangelsk. The Baltic Sea was at the time controlled by Sweden in the north, while the Black Sea was controlled by the Ottoman Emrire in the south. Peter attempted to acquire control of the Black Sea, but to do so he would have to expel the Tatars from the surrouding areas. He was forced as part of an agreemend with Poland , wich ceded Kiev to Russia, to wage war against the Crimean Khan and against the Khan’s overlord, the Ottoman Sultan. Peter’s primary objective became the capture of the Ottoman fortress of Azov, near the Don River. In the summer of 1695 Peter organized the Azov campaings to take the fortress, but his attempts ended in failure. Peter returned to Moscow in November of that year and promptly began building a large navy. He launched about thirty ships against the Ottomans in 1696, capturing Azov in July of that year. On 12 September 1698, Peter officially founded the first Russian Navy base, Taganrog.

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