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IN his responsibility and mediator, Moses had previously told the people the promise of God’s blessings and the warning that they should not turn to other gods when the covenant was given at Sinai. Afther their rebellion against that covenant, Moses warned them of the divine judgement that would come if they disobeyed. Here, Moses gives an exhortation based upon the blessings and curses of the covenant (Lv. 26:1-45). The blessings and the curses in this chapter follow the same structure. First, Moses clearly explained that the quality of Israel’s future experience would come on the basis of obedience or disobedience to God. Second, the actual blessings and curses were succinctly stated (28:3-6; 16-19). Third, Moses gave a sermonic elaboration of the basic blessings and curses (28:7-14, 20-68). Just as the curses were given more prominence in the ceremony of 27:11-26, so the curses incurred by disobedience to the covenant were much more fully developed here. The perspective of Moses was that Israel would not prove faithful to the covenant (31:18-18,27) and so would not enjoy the blessings of the covenant; therefore, the curses received much more attention.
We are now under grace and this OT covenant is no longer in effect.