US Space Shuttle "Enterprise"

Van Coleman

Ashland, United States

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Wall Art


Artist's Description

Space Shuttle, “Enterprise” OV-101

The first Space Shuttle orbiter, “Enterprise,” is a full-scale test vehicle used for flights in the atmosphere and tests on the ground; it is not equipped for spaceflight. Although the airframe and flight control elements are like those of the Shuttles flown in space, this vehicle has no propulsion system and only simulated thermal tiles because these features were not needed for atmospheric and ground tests.
“Enterprise” was rolled out at Rockwell International’s assembly facility in Palmdale, California, in 1976. In 1977, it entered service for a nine-month-long approach-and-landing test flight program. Thereafter it was used for vibration tests and fit checks at NASA centers, and it also appeared in the 1983 Paris Air Show and the 1984 World’s Fair in New Orleans.
In 1985, NASA transferred “Enterprise” to the Smithsonian Institution’s National Air and Space Museum in Chantilly, Virginia.

Manufacturer: Rockwell International Corporation

Country of Origin: United States of America

Overall: 57 ft. tall x 122 ft. long x 78 ft. wing span, 150,000 lb. (1737.36 × 3718.57 × 2377.44cm, 68039.6kg)

Aluminum airframe and body with some fiberglass features; payload bay doors are graphite epoxy composite; thermal tiles are simulated (polyurethane foam) except for test samples of actual tiles and thermal blankets.

Artwork Comments

  • AtaAlishahi
  • Van Coleman
  • Van Coleman
desktop tablet-landscape content-width tablet-portrait workstream-4-across phone-landscape phone-portrait
desktop tablet-landscape content-width tablet-portrait workstream-4-across phone-landscape phone-portrait

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