A goaltender mask, commonly referred to as a goalie mask or a hockey mask, is a mask worn by ice hockey, inline hockey, and field hockey goaltenders to protect the head from injury.
Jacques Plante was the first goaltender to create and use a practical mask in 1959.
Plante's mask was a piece of fiberglass that was contoured to his face. This mask later evolved into a helmet/cage combination, and single piece full fiberglass mask.
Today, the full fiberglass mask with the birdcage facial protector is the more popular option because it is safer and offers better visibility.