Mercat Cross and Guildhall

Tom Gomez

Joined January 2008

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Artist's Description

Historic Scotland Category A and B Listed Buildings

The Market Cross (Mercat in the Scots language) on the High Street in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland.

In the days before newspapers and television, this was Dunfermline’s main meeting place. Official proclamations were made here atop the stone platform.

The first Mercat Cross dates from 1396 while this present cross dates (in part) from 1626 when it was re-erected after the Great Fire of Dunfermline in 1624 and consists of a stepped octagonal base with a cylindrical column, finished with a Unicorn atop a square carved stone with the Royal and Burgh Coats of Arms.

It now resides approximately in its original position at the junction with Crosswynd having been moved several times to accommodate road changes etc.

In 1752 it was built into the wall of an adjacent building, in 1868 it was re-erected in a corner near to the Guildhall and moved closer still in 1924, in 1985 it was temporarily moved to Maygate and in 1992 replaced to its original and current position.

The Mercat Cross is an Historic Scotland Category B listed structure. HB Number 26002.

Behind the Cross is the Guildhall. Built in 1807-11 by local merchants and subsequently used as a hotel (The Spire Inn 1816-1845), Police station, Post Office, Sheriff Court and offices. Its Symetrical Classical design (by Archibald Elliot) and 43 metre (132 feet) high spire, added in 1811 (by public subscription because there was no money left) make it a local landmark.

It returned to its original use as a public house as ‘Shenanigans’ and other sundry small retail outlets in 1985, however in 1991 fires forced closure and two years later it reopened as a Job Centre.

The Guildhall is an Historic Scotland Category A listed Building. HB Number 25999.

Camera: Canon EOS 60D
Lens: Canon EF-S 17-85mm IS USM
Handheld

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Single RAW image Tonemapped in Photomatix Pro.

Featured in : THE GROUP : 29 Mar 12

Sold 1 Card : 14 May 13

Related shots can be found at: Dunfermline, Fife, Lowland Scotland, and HDR.

Artwork Comments

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