Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) German. Perhaps the greatest composer ever! He exhausted Classical music and forced us all into the Romantic era. In Classical music, he is one of the most recognised and influential of all composers. His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies, 5 piano concertos, 1 violin concerto, 32 piano sonatas, 16 string quartets, his great Mass, the Missa solemnis, and one opera, Fidelio.