Drawing a Face Tutorial - Part 3 (Eyes)

Welcome back class.

I’m pleased to see you all bright and bushy tailed ready and waiting for your next lesson. Sorry for my absence, but I’ve been so busy lately, but never mind I’m back again. Yes Brenda, you are indeed wearing a very pretty dress. Lynda, nice to see you back too, enjoy your leave of absence? Good. Boys, boys! Please stop fidgeting! Today we are continuing our sketch of a face by concentrating on the eyes and brows.

EYES (darkening the iris)
The very first thing I do when I draw eyes (after roughing the basic outlines out – see lesson 002) is to fill in both irises. This is so simple (hmm there that’s word creeping in again!) using a 5B, 6B or even a 7B, I colour in both irises, and this time I’ve created a second hi-light, smaller than the original and slightly lower. I’m trying to get the impression of a planet and her moon in front of a black hole!

Figure 003A (darkening the iris)

EYES (defining shadows)
OK, now I need to define the shadows on the eyes, basically the eye opening consists of two lids, the upper and lower. The upper is generally always in shadow and you can use a heavy line to show this. The lower lid is more often than not at an angle and catches the light and needs not be defined (yet!). I also draw a thick containing line around the edge of the pupil.

Figure 003B (defining shadows)

EYES (defining pupil structure)
Now I need to define the structure or flow lines of the pupils, this I do by using an H7 to draw lines radiating out from the black iris. Try not to disturb the two hi-lights in either eye.

Figure 003C (defining pupil structure)

EYES (mid tone pupils)
Using the structure I created earlier, I begin shading in the pupils, following the same direction of the structure or flow lines. This gives a softer mid tone colorization to the eyes. This is a useful stepping off bridge for what comes next.

Figure 003D (mid tone pupils)

EYES (light tone pupils)
I now use my kneadable putty rubber by squeezing it into a very fine point and rubbing out the lower portion of the pupil, but trying to stay within the outline pupil edge. Don’t worry if you rub a bit of the edge out, simply redraw it.

Figure 003E (light tone pupils)

EYES (dark tone pupils)
This is similar to creating the mid tone pupils, only difference is I press slightly harder trying to achieve an overall dark matt colour on the pupil.

Figure 003F (dark tone pupils)

EYES (tidy up pupils)
Here I’m using the same technique I did in the light tone pupil’s section, but being careful not to rub out all the dark matt. I’m trying to show the pupils as being darker at the top and lighter at the bottom.

Figure 003G (tidy up pupils)

EYES (hatching the whites)
Using a sharp H7, I begin hatching strokes on the white parts of the eyes, careful to keep inside the two lids. I’m also defining those small spheres (tear ducts) found in each inner corner of the eye, each with a little hatching, your pencil really needs to be sharp otherwise you’ll end up blurring too much. This hatching helps defying the actual sphere of the eyeball inside the eye socket.

Figure 003H (hatching the whites)

EYES (hi-lighting the whites)
Again I’m using my kneadable putty rubber by squeezing it into a very fine point and rubbing out the sections of the whites either side of the pupil outlines, in effect giving the whites a hi-light.

Figure 003I (hi-lighting the whites)

EYES (shading the lids)
Using a 7H, I begin shading or hatching in the lids, first I define the arch of the lids, making the arch line stronger at each end of the lid. I then hatch from the outside corner of the eye (inside the lid) towards the centre but fade off, and begin on the inner corner and repeat. I’ve spilled out from each eyelid line a wee bit out from and below the corners of the eyes. This is OK.

Figure 003J (shading the lids)

EYES (hatching the corners)
Still using the H7, I begin hatching in earnest now starting from the outer corners of the eye, onto the lower lid, careful not to touch the lower lid edge (see the white edge of the lower lid I’ve left?). I also hatch the inner corners of the eyes around the tear duct, again making sure I do not touch the tear ducts (leaving another clear edge to the ducts). I then add some basic hatching to the inner corners (up to the small nose curves I drew earlier) going diagonally down and slight hatching on the top corners of the lids.

Figure 003K (hatching the corners)

EYES (hatching under brows)
Still using the H7, I begin hatching under the brows near the inner corners of the eyes, coming over each lid to the other side of the eye.

Figure 003L (hatching under brows)

EYES (brow flow lines)
Switching to a 5B, I begin sketching flow lines onto the brows, in a similar way as I created flow lines for the hairstyle. These flow lines have to follow the direction of the hairs on the brows.

Figure 003M (brow flow lines)

EYES (strengthening the brow flow lines)
Using a 5B, I strengthen up these same flow lines, defining the shape I want to give these brows. At this stage it’s easy to define brow shapes by either sketching thicker or rubbing out to produce thinner brows.

Figure 003N (strengthening the brow flow lines)

EYES (tidy up brows)
Still using the 5B, I begin to tidy up the brows by filling them out, trying to give them a fairly soft not too thick appearance.

Figure 003O (tidy up brows)

EYES (adding lashes)
I re-sharpen a 7B to a fine point and add gentle curved lashes starting from the outside corners along the top lid (stopping at the black iris) and along the lower lid (under the white edge – stopping just half-way). If you can, try to make the tips of the eye lashes into pointed arrow heads (you really need your pencil sharp for this bit!).

Figure 003P (adding lashes)

EYES (finishing off the eyes)
Using a sharp 6B or 7B, I finish off the eyes by picking out slight shadows on the tear ducts, adding a few more miniscule lashes and shading thicker on the outer corners of the whites of the eyes.

Figure 003Q (finishing off the eyes)

Hopefully, you SHOULD have a face that looks something like this!

Arh! their goes the bell! Oh! and Edwards, see me after class!

Class dismissed.

Drawing a face Tutorial – Part 1
Drawing a face Tutorial – Part 2
Drawing a face Tutorial – Part 4
Drawing a face Tutorial – 5

Journal Comments

  • Brenda Dow
  • Lynda Robinson
  • Jan Szymczuk
  • Jan Szymczuk
  • happypattern
  • Jan Szymczuk
  • abhiboss25
  • Jan Szymczuk
  • abhiboss25
desktop tablet-landscape content-width tablet-portrait workstream-4-across phone-landscape phone-portrait
desktop tablet-landscape content-width tablet-portrait workstream-4-across phone-landscape phone-portrait