Drawing a Face Tutorial - Part 2 (Hair)

Welcome back class.

Now I’m going to show you some of my shading techniques and how I apply texture and body using only a few pencils, an eraser and tons of patience!

HAIR (creating flow lines)
This is simply a lines that I sketch into the hair to show the direction the hair is flowing (or brushed) all hairstyles follow certain basic paths of directions. Adding these lines makes sure that your hair doesn’t look to unruly (unless of course that is the effect you are seeking) and aids you in filling in and shading in later on. Here in figure 002A I have begun to draw the flow lines, starting from the left hand side corner.

Figure 002A (planning the flow lines)

HAIR (creating flow lines – continued)
This hairstyle I’m sketching has a centre crown in the front radiating out up and to the sides, so I’m making sure that the flow lines follow this pattern, see Figure 002B (completing the flow lines) below.

Figure 002B (completing the flow lines).

HAIR (flow lines – forming up)
Now I need to form up theses flow lines, this I simply (got to stop using that word) do by sketching in-between the flow lines using a 2B or 4B, making sure I follow the general flow of the hairstyle (hope this is making sense?). See Figure 002C (forming up the flow lines) below.

Figure 002C (forming up the flow lines)

HAIR (finishing off forming up flow lines)
Here you can see I’ve completed forming up the flow lines, don’t worry if it looks icky, this is just the first undercoat so to speak we’ll make it look nice and neat real soon. See Figure 002D (finished forming up the flow lines) below.

Figure 002D (finished forming up the flow lines)

HAIR (adding texture)
Using the 5B pencil (which I keep very sharp – constantly re-sharpening, if you don’t want your lines becoming too thick causing them to merge, remember hair is basically very fine strands, this is what I want to show), I begin adding texture to the hair. As usual I start from the left side and add hatching stokes, but not within the entire flow sections, I leave a few gaps for natural hi-lights or where the hair is shinier/lighter (each hairstyle is unique and where you put these really depends on where best they look. See Figure 002E (adding texture) below.

Figure 002E (adding texture)

HAIR (adding texture and cross hatching)
The more texture I add, the more I begin to lightly cross hatch in the opposite direction. Near the crown or centre of the hair I really begin cross hatching in earnest, I’m trying to make small propeller blades of cross hatching radiating out from the centre. See Figure 002F (adding texture and cross hatching) below.

Figure 002F (adding texture and cross hatching)

HAIR (adding edge cross hatching)
I now begin cross-hatching around the inside edge of the hair, working my way around the hair edge to only an inch or so, as I want to give the hair more body or thickness. See Figure 002G (adding edge cross hatching) below.

Figure 002G (adding edge cross hatching)

HAIR (adding shading)
Using a very sharp7B (remember keep it sharp!), I begin working into the hair and defining the flow lines but now stronger, darker. Remember that edge cross-hatching I just did? Well I’m using that as an undercoat for the darker shading I’m doing now. See Figure 002H (adding shading) below.

Figure 002H (adding shading)

HAIR (finished shading)
I’ve now shaded the entire hairstyle; I’ve also picked out the centre crown and defined the few wavy locks on the front. Notice how the shading strokes still follow those flow lines we created at the very beginning, without them folks often loose track of the hair and the style and direction it’s supposed to go in. You could if you wanted to, leave the hairstyle as it is now, but I want to show you how with a little bit more effort you can make shiny/greasy or matt looking hair. See Figure 002I (finished shading) below.

Figure 002I (finished shading)

HAIR (adding hi-lights)
Using my kneadable putty rubber (ordinary erasers just can’t do this bit – unless you can get your hands on a good retractable pencil eraser), using my forefinger and thumb, I squeeze the putty rubber into a wedge with a very thin/fine edge and simply cut hi-lights into the hair. Remembering to keep within the flow lines (these flow lines, I keep going on about them, but they really do help you again and again). See Figure 002J (adding hi-lights) below.

Figure 002J (adding hi-lights)

HAIR (removing hi-lights)
To remove the hi-lights, I simply cross hatch them out, this is when cross hatching defeats finger smudging, as all you achieve in doing is create a bigger mess. See Figure 002K (removing the hi-lights) below.

Figure 002K (removing the hi-lights)

HAIR (adding matt)
To achieve matt or dry looking hair I use a 7H flat side on against the paper in a sweeping up and down motion disregarding all hi-lights. See Figure 002L (adding matt) below.

Figure 002L (adding matt)

HAIR (tidying up)
To finish off the hair, I’ve gone back a step to adding hi-lights, but this time only cutting in a few hi-lights, here and there (I don’t want too shiny a hairstyle. As I’m using the putty rubber I’m also tidying up the edges and cutting into the hair edge or creating small nicks. I reinforce these cuts/nicks by using a sharp 7B to define clean cut edges all way round. See Figure 002M (tidying up) below.

Figure 002M (tidying up)

Class dismissed, Lynda, PLEASE stop scraping the chair as you get up!

See you all tommorrow, no absenteeism, I’ll only accept notes WRITTEN by your parents.

Drawing a face Tutorial – Part 1
Drawing a face Tutorial – Part 3
Drawing a face Tutorial – Part 4
Drawing a face Tutorial – 5

Journal Comments

  • Brenda Dow
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  • Brenda Dow
  • Jan Szymczuk
  • happypattern
  • Jan Szymczuk
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