Aquarium building - Natura Artis Magistra BW

steppeland

Amsterdam, Netherlands

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The Aquarium Building of Artis, Amsterdam Zoo, Plantage Middenlaan 53, designed and built by A en G.B Salm (1882) – Black and white – vintage version. – Photographed in Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Copyright © 2012 Steppeland – All rights reserved

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For further info about this image and technical details, please see full description.


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description

_The Aquarium Building of Artis, Amsterdam Zoo was designed and built by G.B. en A. Salm in 1881, in classicist-maniëristic style with side- and middle pavilions, the latter accentuated by a temple front and a rounded dome at the east end. In the Tample front, the words “Natura Artis Magistra” are engraved – the original name of the zoo (see further)

Construction work on the Artis Aquarium began in the summer of 1879. A staggering 1,740 wooden poles were needed to form the foundation of the building, designed by father and son Salm, both architects. In 1880, the enormous reservoirs in the bowels of the building were brought into use and filled with almost one million litres of mostly salt water. Two years later, on 2 December 1882, the new Aquarium was finally opened to the public.
In 1997 the Artis Aquarium was extensively renovated. The historic Great Hall was restored to its former glory, with the salt water systems on the left and the fresh water on the right. The building was fitted with four giant new aquariums. These mammoth tanks each house very different ecosystems: the Amazonian flooded forest, the tropical coral reef and the Amsterdam canal. Last but not least, the amphibians were given a prominent place opposite the Amsterdam canal. The Artis Aquarium houses some 300 species of fish, amphibians and invertebrates. (2)

The core of the current zoo property, then the “Middenhof” estate, was purchased by the board of the Zoological Society “Natura Artis Magistra” late in 1938 in the Plantage, which was then a rural area on the outskirts of Amsterdam. From the start it exhibited both live and mounted specimens.

Artis, short for Natura Artis Magistra (Latin for “Nature is the teacher of art”), is a zoo in the centre of Amsterdam. It is the oldest zoo in the Netherlands. In addition to the zoo, Artis has an aquarium, a planetarium, a geological museum, and a zoological museum

The zoo is commonly referred to as Artis, because the zoo has three gates with Natura Artis Magistra written above them. Usually only the middle gate was open, so people who walked through that gate, looked what was written above it and saw ‘Artis’, thinking that the zoo was just called Artis. Soon few knew it as Natura Artis Magistra._

(Sources: Wikipedia , Waymarking and Rijksmonumenten)

Additional info

  1. in Dutch : locusarchitecten.nl (about the renovation of the Aquarium Building) and Google Earth Wereld

Technical details
Photograph made with Pentax K10D camera and
smc Pentax-DA 18-55 lens
Exposure 1/500 sec, f. 6,7 mm , focal length 45 mm , ISO 200
Date: Feb. 4, 2012

Transferred to black and white in Lightroom 2.0 and added a custom gradient overlay in Photoshop 7.0 to create the vintage effect.
Credits to Kim Klassen for the gradient http://www.kimklassencafe.com/
Thank you!


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