Historical Concord

Monica M. Scanlan

Washington, United States

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Artist's Description

Taken 2/6/11 in Concord, Massachusetts USA.

From Wikepedia:
The area which became the Town of Concord was originally known as “Musketaquid”, situated at the confluence of the Sudbury and Assabet rivers.1 Native Americans had cultivated corn crops there; the rivers were rich with fish and the land was lush and arable.2 However, the area was largely depopulated by the smallpox plague that swept across the Americas after the arrival of Europeans.3 In 1635, a group of British settlers led by Rev. Peter Bulkley and Simon Willard negotiated a land purchase with the remnants of the local tribe; that six-square-mile purchase formed the basis of the new town, which was called “Concord” in appreciation of the peaceful acquisition.1

The Old Manse, home to Ralph Waldo Emerson and later Nathaniel Hawthorne.The Battle of Lexington and Concord was the initial conflict in the American Revolutionary War. On April 19, 1775, a force of British Army regulars marched from Boston to Concord (pausing for an early-morning skirmish at Lexington, where the first shots of the Battle were fired) to capture a cache of arms that was reportedly stored in the town. Forewarned of the British troop movements, colonists from Concord and surrounding towns repulsed a British detachment at the Old North Bridge and forced the British troops to retreat.4 The battle was initially publicized by the colonists as an example of British brutality and aggression: one colonial broadside decried the “Bloody Butchery of the British Troops”.5 A century later, however, the conflict was remembered proudly by Americans, taking on a patriotic, almost mythic status in works like the “Concord Hymn” and “Paul Revere’s Ride”.6 In April 1975, the town hosted a bicentennial celebration of the battle, featuring an address at the Old North Bridge by President Gerald Ford.7

Concord has a remarkably rich literary history centered in the mid-nineteenth century around Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882), who moved to the town in 1835 and quickly became its most prominent citizen. This is an improtant peoce of mass. that is forever chnged by paul revere.8 Emerson, a successful lecturer and philosopher, had deep roots in the town: his father Rev. William Emerson (1769–1811) grew up in Concord before becoming an eminent Boston minister, and his grandfather, William Emerson Sr., witnessed the battle at the North Bridge from his house, and later became a chaplain in the Continental Army.9 Emerson was at the center of a group of like-minded Transcendentalists living in Concord.10 Among them were the author Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804–1864) and the philosopher Bronson Alcott (1799–1888), the father of Louisa May Alcott (1832–1888). A native Concordian, Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862), was another notable member of Emerson’s circle. This substantial collection of literary talent in one small town led Henry James to dub Concord “the biggest little place in America.”11

Nikon D300, Photomatix and finished in Picasa (1 raw image), 200 ISO, f/9, handheld, 70×300 Nikon Lens.


Artwork Comments

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