Papilio Glaucus Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly On Verbena Bonariensis Purpletop Vervain - Pinelawn Memorial Park And Garden Mausoleums | Farmingdale, New York

© Sophie W. Smith

Melville, United States

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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Verbenaceae
Genus: Verbena
Species: V. bonariensis
Binomial name
Verbena bonariensis
Verbena bonariensis (purpletop vervain, clustertop vervain, Argentinian vervain , tall verbena, or pretty verbena) is a member of the verbena family cultivated as a flowering annual or herbaceous perennial plant. In USA horticulture, it is also known by the ambiguous names “purpletop” (also used for the grass Tridens flavus) and “South American vervain” (which can mean any of the numerous species in the genus Verbena occurring in that continent). For the misapplication “Brazilian verbena” see below.
It is native to tropical South America where it grows throughout most of the warm regions, from Colombia and Brazil to Argentina and Chile.
Verbena bonariensis is a tall and slender-stemmed perennial. It can grow to 6 ft (120 cm) tall and can spread to 3 ft (90 cm) wide. At maturity, it will develop a woody base. Fragrant lavender to rose-purple flowers are in tight clusters located on terminal and axillary stems, blooming from mid-summer until fall frost. The stem is square with very long internodes. Leaves are ovate to ovate-lanceolate with a toothed margin and grow up to 4 in (10 cm) long.

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