Joined June 2008

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Once dominating a vast area that extended as far as the Great Plains, the Apache were gradually pushed down by the Sioux and Comanche into their homeland of what is now New Mexico (Arizona was part of New Mexico until 1863). Various tribes; Lipan, Chiricahua, Mescalero, Jicarilla, and Kiowa-Apache, all withdrew into their present locations in Arizona and New Mexico.

One of the most important holy beings for Apaches is White-Painted Woman, also known as Changing Woman or White Shell Woman. Her sons, Killer of Enemies and Child Born of Water, triumphed over the evils of the world personified as monsters, making the world safe for humans. The Mountain Spirits ensure the well-being of the people by protecting them from epidemic diseases and enemies. The Mountain Spirit Dancers or Crown Dancers “become” these sacred beings in the same way that the Hopi who dance specific katsinam become those katsina spirits. The Western Apache call them the gaan while the Eastern Apache know them as gaa’he. Embodying the Mountain Spirits, they dance at night, bringing the spiritual world into physical manifestation. Their heads crowned with wooden slat headdresses, four Mountain Spirit Dancers and a clown wield their wooden swords as they dance around the fire.—— The Apache were fiercely independent survivalists and the last people to surrender to the domination of the white man in North America, a fight that lasted forty years.

They owned nothing and everything. They did as they pleased and bowed to no man… They were mighty warriors who depended on success in raiding for wealth and honor. To their families they were kind and gentle, but they could be unbelievably cruel to their enemies…

Artwork Comments

  • DreaM
  • Sena
  • DreaM
  • arteology
  • Sena
  • kukawa
  • Sena
  • natayo
  • rocamiadesign
  • Euan Thorburn
desktop tablet-landscape content-width tablet-portrait workstream-4-across phone-landscape phone-portrait
desktop tablet-landscape content-width tablet-portrait workstream-4-across phone-landscape phone-portrait

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