The meaning of mandala comes from the Sanskrit word for both “CIRCLE" and "CENTRE”
Even though it may be dominated by other geometric shapes like squares or triangles, a mandala will always remain a concentric (CIRCLE) structure.
Mandalas offer balancing visual elements, symbolizing unity and harmony.
The meanings of individual mandalas is usually different and unique to each mandala.
For some, the goal of the mandala is to serve as a tool on one’s spiritual journey as it symbolizes cosmic and psychic order.
For others, the mandala is used as a counter-balancing mechanism of one’s own psyche, (The spirit or soul) and a way for us to focus or meditate our way into becoming a whole person.
The meaning of Yin-Yang:
Yin-Yang represents the ancient Chinese understanding of how things work.
The outer circle represents “everything”, while the black and white shapes within the circle represent the interaction of two energies, called “yin” (black) and “yang” (white), which cause everything to happen.
They are not completely black or white, just as things in life are not completely black or white, and they cannot exist without each other.