British Suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst addressing crowd on Wall Street, New York in 1911

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Artist's Description

The two women next to her in the car are Harriot Stanton Blatch and Dr Anna Howard Shaw.

An archived article in the New York Times is written about this meeting that occurred on November 27, and sadly it seems some of these men tried to drown her out with shouts. The article opens up with:

“Hoodlums broke up a meeting of the Woman’s Political Union in front of the Sub-Treasury Building in Wall Street yesterday noon. Mrs. Pankhurst, leader of the English suffragettes, was the speaker. The meeting had been announced and great crowd gathered, with only one policeman on hand to keep it in order.”

I don’t have a subscription myself so unfortunately I couldn’t read the rest of the article in the archive.

While we can’t know what she possibly tried to say on this day in 1911, I invite you to instead listen to this short reenacted speech famously dubbed “Freedom or Death”, made by Emmeline as she returned to the US in Hartford, Connecticut in 1913. Look at the photo while you listen! You can read her full speech here.

Emmeline was arrested several times in the UK, and in prison women had to endure violent force-feeding where food tubes were pulled through their nose. Emmeline wrote in her autobiography: “I shall never while I live forget the suffering I experienced during the days when those cries were ringing in my ears.”

She founded Women’s Social and Political Union who were the first to become known as suffragettes.

She lived to see the vote being given to women, and passed away at 69 years old in 1928.

Artwork Comments

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