Conisbrough Castle

Ray Clarke

Doncaster, United Kingdom

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Featured in “All Castles around the world” July 2012

Taken yesterday just before the rain came at Coninsbrough South Yorkshire

English Heritage

Canon 5 D Mkll
Canon 24-105L IS
F14@ 1/80
ISO !00
Shot Raw
The castle was probably built by Hamelin Plantagenet on the site of an earlier Norman castle. The Warenne family also owned Sandal Castle near Wakefield, Lewes Castle in Sussex, and Reigate Castle in Surrey, as well as a keep on their lands at Mortemer in Normandy. The Yorkshire lands ceded to The Crown on the death without issue of John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey in 1347.1

After Conisbrough reverted to the Crown, Edward III gave it to his youngest son Edmund Langley and was probably during his tenure that the work to improve the accommodation in the inner ward was carried out. Langley died in 1402 and the castle was inherited by his eldest son Edward, 2nd Duke of Albemarle. Albemarle (by then Duke of York) was slain at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415. His widow Maud resided in the castle until her death in 1446 when it passed to Richard, 3rd Duke of York who was killed at the Battle of Wakefield in 1460. His son Edward, Earl of March continued the war emerging victorious and was crowned King Edward IV. Because Edward won the war the castle was not confiscated as would usually have happened when a magnate rebelled against the crown and lost. In this case the castle was inherited by Edward and became Crown property when he ascended to the throne.1

By the reign of Henry VIII the castle was in a dilapidated state. In the 1537–38 a survey by Royal Commissioners found that the castle was already a ruin and from the description of the survey most of the damage seen today had already occurred.1

It is because it was a ruin by the 17th century, the collapsed gatehouse and parts of the curtain wall made the castle indefensible. This meant that no further damage was done to the fabric of the castle during the English Civil War, that caused so much damage to many old fortifications either through bombardment or slighting, and so, along with sympathetic ownership, the keep survived as a ruin, but largely intact, down to the 21st century.2

The name Conisbrough is derived from the Old English Cyningesburh – meaning ‘the defended burh of the King’, suggesting the area once belonged to one of English kings, prior to the Norman Conquest. At the time of the Norman Conquest the manor of Conisbrough was held by King Harold – he was defeated at the Battle of Hastings.345 Earlier documents dated at c. 1000–1004 show lands in this area known as Kyningesburg were granted by Wulfric, one of King Edward’s ministers, to Elfhei, another Saxon nobleman.

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Artwork Comments

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