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African elephant is the largest land animal with height up to 3.3 meters and weight up to 6,000 kg (consumes about 150 kg of grass per day). It uses its trunk to suck up and release water into its mouth as well as to spray it on its body to cool it. Dust-bathing after a swim helps to protect its skin from sunburn.
Their tusks are firm teeth; the second set of incisors become the tusks. They are used for digging for roots and stripping the bark off trees for food, for fighting each other during mating season, and for defending themselves against predators. The tusks weigh from 23–45 kg (51–99 lb) and can be from 1.5–2.4 m (5–8 ft) long. Unlike Asian elephants, both male and female African elephants have tusks.
African elephants are highly intelligent, and they have a very large and highly convoluted neocortex, a trait also shared by humans, apes and certain dolphin species. They are amongst the world’s most intelligent species.
Chobe National Park, Botswana, Africa
Nikon D200, Nikkor 80-400 mm, 1/350 sec at f/ 5.6, ISO 160
© Konstantinos Arvanitopoulos Photography. All Rights Reserved.
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