Whitewater Draw

Marvin Collins

Fulton, United States

  • Available
  • Artist
  • Artwork Comments 20

Wall Art

Home Decor



Artist's Description

Narrative Description and Vegetation Types
The Whitewater Draw Wildlife Area lies within the Chihuahuan desert grassland habitat type. Past land uses of the property included farming and ranching with about 30% of the property being irrigated farmland. Much of this is being returned to native grasslands through rest and active reseeding projects. Another 50-acre portion will be managed under a cooperatively developed project to install moist soil cells, which may be flooded throughout the winter months. The next largest portion of the Wildlife Area is comprised of native grasslands, most of which is being rehabilitated as well. Over 600 acres of the area is intermittently flooded wetland with two small patches of riparian habitat. The surrounding agricultural community of the valley enhances feeding opportunities for such species as sandhill cranes, doves, Mexican ducks, mallards, pintails, collared peccary and mule deer. The wetland and grassland communities on the wildlife area provide feeding and loafing sites for sandhill cranes, waterfowl, and doves, in addition to numerous other terrestrial game and nongame species including plains leopard frogs, one of the most narrowly distributed of all Arizona leopard frogs. Whitewater Draw Wildlife Area’s leopard frog population is the healthiest and most stable of the known Arizona plains leopard frog populations.. The former farm included fields of corn, alfalfa, and sudan grass, and pasture for livestock grazing. The property also includes 2 residences, storage sheds, a metal barn, corrals, and 11 wells.

Management Objective Goals
The goals for management of the Whitewater Draw Wildlife Area are to:
1) To conserve and enhance sensitive wetland, grassland, and riparian habitat values associated with the Whitewater Draw Property and associated habitat for conservation and management of waterfowl, migratory game birds and nongame birds, native amphibians, and reptiles.
2) To provide public access, for hunting and watchable wildlife oriented recreational activities, which is consistent with management of the wildlife resource values to provide opportunities for appropriate wildlife, oriented public education and research.
3) To provide additional and alternative roosting, feeding, and resting areas for migratory birds, especially waterfowl and sandhill cranes, beyond those currently available in the area.
4) To maintain water rights and water quality and abundance associated with the property, both surface and subterranean.

Public Use Opportunities and Resource Management Emphasis
The management emphasis for the Whitewater Draw Wildlife Area is to maintain the wetland habitat for waterfowl, sandhill cranes, shorebirds, bald eagles, and plains leopard frogs and manage the native grassland community in areas adjacent to the wetland. This resource emphasis mayl facilitate re-establishment of riparian growth along the drainage below the wetland and provide feed, rest, nest, and roost sites for migratory birds, especially sandhill cranes and waterfowl, and also for resident wildlife species.

Public use will include controlled opportunities for watchable wildlife oriented recreation including bird watching, and photography as well as hunting of migratory birds (sandhill cranes, waterfowl and doves [Zenaida spp.]) and other resident game animals.

Wildlife Species
Floodplain/Wetland Habitat Species
Nearly 50% of the Whitewater Draw Wildlife Area falls within a floodplain. The several ponds and moist soil cells on the property create outstanding waterfowl habitat. Numerous game species, primarily waterfowl, occur on the wildlife area. These include American wigeon (Anas americana),green-winged teal (Anas crecca),Cinnamon teal (Anas cyanoptera), blue-winged teal (Anas discors), gadwall (Anas strepera), Mexican duck (Anas platyrhnychos diazi), mallard (Anas platyrhnychos), northern pintail (Anas acuta), northern shoveler (Anas clypeata), ring-necked duck (Aythya collaris), lesser scaup (Aythya affinis), sandhill crane (Grus canadensis), snow goose (Chen caerulescens), Ross’ goose (Chen rossii), Canada goose (Branta canadensis), mourning dove (Zenaida macroura),white-winged dove (Zenaida asiatica), Gambel’s quail (Callipepla gambelii), and scaled quail (Callipepla squamata). In the 1980s and again recently, bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) have been observed on the property. This is most likely in response to the abundant waterfowl using the wetland. Wintering waterfowl and shorebirds also attract prairie falcons (Falco mexicanus) and peregrine falcons (F. peregrinus), in addition to the more common wintering hawks in the valley. Mammal species include the collared peccary (Tayassu tajacu), mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), and desert cottontail (Sylvilagus audubonii). Amphibian and Reptile species that potentially occur on or near the WA include the green toad (Bufo debilis), desert box turtle (Terrapene ornate), and Mexican garter snake (Thamnophis eques megalops).

Irrigated Farmland Species
Waterfowl and sandhill cranes have likely always migrated through the Sulphur Springs Valley. However, prior to agricultural development, the number of birds wintering in the area was a function of fall and winter habitat (water and feed) conditions. Mexican ducks commonly nest in ponds created by farmers for the reuse of irrigation tail-water. The number of wintering sandhill cranes has increased dramatically since the 1950s, probably in response to the abundant food available in harvested grain fields; primarily corn. Numbers of both mourning, and white-winged doves have likely also increased since historic times as the result of agriculture. Peak populations of doves probably coincided with the period of peak sorghum production in the area, approximately 20-30 years ago, and are currently reduced from that peak. Numbers of both mule deer and collared peccary have also increased in response to increased food associated with agriculture.

Artwork Comments

  • SharonD
  • Mia1
  • Rosalie Dale
  • Claire  Farley
  • Richard VanWart
  • Bootiewootsy
  • barkeypf
  • Madeline M  Allen
  • Gilberte
  • GailD
desktop tablet-landscape content-width tablet-portrait workstream-4-across phone-landscape phone-portrait
desktop tablet-landscape content-width tablet-portrait workstream-4-across phone-landscape phone-portrait

10% off

for joining the Redbubble mailing list

Receive exclusive deals and awesome artist news and content right to your inbox. Free for your convenience.