Lord Alfred Bruce Douglas (22 October 1870 – 20 March 1945) was an English author, poet and translator, better known as the intimate friend and lover of the writer Oscar Wilde – although he should definitely be known for his poetry.
The third son of the 9th Marquess of Queensberry and his first wife, the former Sibyl Montgomery, Douglas was born at Ham Hill House in Worcestershire. He was his mother’s favourite child; she called him Bosie (a derivative of Boysie), a nickname which stuck for the rest of his life.
Douglas was educated at Winchester College (1884–88) and at Magdalen College, Oxford (1889–93), which he left without obtaining a degree. At Oxford, Douglas edited an undergraduate journal The Spirit Lamp (1892-3), an activity that intensified the ongoing conflict between him and his father. Their relationship had always been a strained one and during the Queensberry-Wilde feud, Douglas sided with Wilde, even encouraging him to prosecute his own father for libel.
While attending University at Oxford, Bosie was introduced to Oscar Wilde at the age of 21. Wilde was twice his age; nevertheless the two found much in common through music, literature, and poetry. The two formed a romantic relationship and were virtually inseparable.