Johnny Jump Up - Viola tricolor

Sue Abonyi

Sandy, United States

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Artist's Description

Also known as Heartsease or Wild Pansy has up to a hundred colloquial names. It is the progenitor of the popular Garden Pansy (from Old Fench pansée, thought) hybrids. The hermaphrodite, self-fertilizing flowers open in European forests from April to September.

In the past its flowers were used to make yellow, green and bluish green dyes and a chemical indicator from the leaves. In herbal medicine it was used to threat asthma, bronchitis, whooping cough and rheumatism and it has diuretic effect as well.

Featured often in the “language of flowers” symbolizing “love-in-idleness” for example in Shakespeare’s Hamlet and in the Midsummer Night’s Dream as well:
“On sleeping eyelids laid,
Will make or man or woman madly dote
Upon the next live creature that it sees.”

desktop tablet-landscape content-width tablet-portrait workstream-4-across phone-landscape phone-portrait
desktop tablet-landscape content-width tablet-portrait workstream-4-across phone-landscape phone-portrait

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