The Great Wall of China

CLARO MADAYAG JR

KENNEDY TOWN, Hong Kong

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The Great Wall of China (simplified Chinese: 长城; traditional Chinese: 長城; pinyin: Chángchéng; literally “long city/fortress”) or (simplified Chinese: 万里长城; traditional Chinese: 萬里長城; pinyin: Wànlǐ Chángchéng; literally “The long wall of 10,000 Li (里)”1) is a series of stone and earthen fortifications in China, built, rebuilt, and maintained between the 5th century BC and the 16th century to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire from Xiongnu attacks during the rule of successive dynasties. Several walls, referred to as the Great Wall of China, were built since the 5th century BC. One of the most famous is the wall built between 220–206 BC by the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang; little of it remains; it was much farther north than the current wall, which was built during the Ming Dynasty.2

The Great Wall stretches over approximately 6,400 km (4,000 miles)3 from Shanhaiguan in the east to Lop Nur in the west, along an arc that roughly delineates the southern edge of Inner Mongolia, but stretches to over 6,700 km (4,160 miles) in total;4 a more recent archaeological survey using advanced technologies points out that the entire Great Wall, with all of its branches, stretches for 8,851.8 km (5,500.3 mi).567 At its peak, the Ming Wall was guarded by more than one million men.8 It has been estimated that somewhere in the range of 2 to 3 million Chinese died as part of the centuries-long project of building the wall.9

by: Wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Wall_of_China

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