From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The nomadic tribes survived on hunting, and the bison was their main source of food. Some tribes are described as part of the ‘Buffalo Culture’ (sometimes called, for the American Bison. These animals were the chief source for items which Plains Indians made from their flesh, hide and bones, such as food, cups, decorations, crafting tools, knives, and clothing.
There were government initiatives at the federal and local level to starve the population of the Plains Indians by killing off their main food source, the bison. The Government promoted bison hunting for various reasons: to allow ranchers to range their cattle without competition from other bovines and to weaken the Plains Indian population and pressure them to remain on reservations. The herds formed the basis of the economies of local Plains tribes of Native Americans for whom the bison were a primary food source. Without bison, the Native Americans would be forced to leave or starve
The main reason for the bison’s near-demise, much like the actual demise of the passenger pigeon, was commercial hunting.
A herd of approximately 550 of these animals lives in, and can be seen at, the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge near Lawton, Oklahoma. The herd was started in 1907 with stock from the Bronx Zoo. Fifteen animals were shipped to Oklahoma, where they had already become extinct due to excessive hunting and over harvesting by non-Native commercial buffalo hunters from 1874 to 1878
Image taken in the Whichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge.Oklahoma,U.S.A.
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