life of Virginia Woolf

Virginia Woolf was born Adeline Virginia Stephen in 1882. She was the younger daughter of Sir Leslie Stephen and Julia. She was born at Hyde Park Gate, Kensington. She passed her childhood in London and Cornwall. She became parentless when she was twenty-two. Her mother died in 1895 and father in 1904. After her father’s death she moved with her sister and her brothers to London where she became an active member of the Bloomsbury Group.
Her father was renowned Victorian Critic and scholar, philosopher and thinker, and biographer. Virginia had inherited most of her father’s tastes. Her health remained indifferent so she could not have conventional schooling. Instead she was taught at home by her father. The death of her mother in 1895 which was the first loss that affected her very deeply. Her father’s and her brother’s death which affects her deeply the second time. After the death of her father, she lived in Garden Square, London which was a literary district and came to be known as Bloomsbury Square. The Bloomsbury Group was a literary club founded by Virginia Woolf. It began to function after the death of Queen Victoria and went on functioning till the Second World War. Notable members of the group were Lytton Strachey, and the well- known economist J.M. Keynes. This group was greatly influenced by the philosophy of C.M. Moore. Virginia Woolf was also one of the groups of writers in addition to Roger Fry, Vanessa, Duncan Grant, Leonard W, and Desmond MacCarthy and on the fringe E.M. Forester. They were called the Bloomsbury Group because many of them at one or another time had flats in that agreeable district of London, called Bloomsbury. The Bloomsbury Group suffered like any other school of writers from a tendency towards mutual admiration that was ‘merely a form of narcissism’. Being an active member, rather a founder of the Bloomsbury Group, Virginia Woolf possessed all the merits and faults common to this group. She became a leading figure of this group partly by her having studied at Cambridge and by being influenced by the ideas and personality of G.E. Moore.
Mr. Leonard Woolf was member of the Bloomsbury Group. He was the friend of Virginia‘s family. They were married soon after Virginia’s announcement to Leonard in a note addressed to Lytton Strachey in July 6, 1912. Their marriage life was generally happy. Both Leonard and Virginia started the Hogarth press in 1917, as a hobby of printing. During 1920’s, her reputation as a writer was growing, and her life was active in writing and enjoying holidays abroad.
Virginia Woolf understood that new writers, such as D.H Lawrence, E.M. Forster, and James Joyce, were doing the work of helping in the evolution of the modern novel. Their novels were new, and different from anything that had gone before. At the same time, she did not think that they had found the future form yet. Woolf found their work necessary, but experimental in utilizing unconventional plot, exposition, or symbolism in literature. Woolf looked for a better way of creating her characters, inner experiences and wanted to bring their personal, mental and emotional experiences to the surface. However, one author James Joyce did influence Woolf’s unique style. Virginia Woolf developed and extended the use of symbol and metaphor in prose fiction, borrowing from the use of these devices in poetry.
Woolf’s writing bears the mark of her literary pedigree as well as her struggle to find meaning in her own unsteady existence. Written in a poised, understated, and elegant style, her work examines the structures of human life, from the nature of relationships to the experience of time. Yet her writing also addresses issues relevant to her era and literary circle. Throughout her work she celebrates and analyzes the Bloomsbury values of aestheticism, feminism, and independence. Moreover, her stream-of-consciousness style was influenced by, and responded to, the work of the French thinker Henri Bergson and the novelists Marcel Proust and James Joyce.
Virginia Woolf’s life was a life of overwork and hard work. She besides strenuous writing participated with her husband in the Labour party deliberations. Ever since the war she had suffered from fits of depression and ill-health. The outbreak of the Second World War destroyed her Zeal and interest in life. She committed suicide by drowning on March 28, 1941.

life of Virginia Woolf


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