The Damara Color: black and white or yellowish striped with shadow stripes,unstriped belly and lower legs- Short bristle-like mane.
Group: harem 1 stallion with 2-6 mares and young – mares associate with 1 stallion for life – mares hierarchy in order of acquisition by stallion – bachelors singly or in bachelor herd – perform social grooming, scrapping and nibbling neck, shoulders and back – oldest mare leads family with stallion at rear to protect and direct – herd adjusts pace to sick or crippled members
Associations: gregarious, form large herds in several hundreds often with wildebeest, antelope and ostriches
Speed: up to 40 mi./hr
Alarm signal: yelping bark
Lifespan: over 20 yrs;
Sexual maturity: 2.5-3 yrs, males may not form harems until 6 yrs or more – stallion steals filly newly in estrus from father’s herd, may be stolen again until impregnated – subsequent estrus after birth of first foal not as obvious
Mating: only harem stallion mates – pregnancies can occur once a year but usually at 2
or 3 yrs.
Gestation: about 370 days
Young: usually one, mother keeps rest of herd away several days until foal imprints
Will eat wild: savanna grasses, occasionally browse leaves, bark, roots and stems – graze singly at night for about 1 hr at a time – water during day
Zoo: grass hay – assorted browse
Comes from savannah grasslands of eastern Africa – home range 11 mi. sq. – 232 mi. sq. – may cover 10 mi./day
“Damara Zebra ……..” was featured in " You Big SOFTY"