The Amur Leopard is a wild feline predator native to the Russian Far East, and also the mountainous areas of the taiga as well as other temperate forests. It is one of the rarest felids in the world with an estimated 35 to 45 individuals remaining in the wild.
The International Union for the Conservation of Nature has deemed the Amur leopard critically endangered, meaning that it is considered to be facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
Of the eight subspecies, the Amur, or Far Eastern leopard shows the strongest divergence in coat pattern. The coat is yellowish (especially in winter) and has widely spaced rosettes with thick, black rings and darkened centers. The length of the coat varies between 2.5 cm (1 in) in summer and 7.5 cm (3 in) in winter. They have light, blue-green eyes.
The main prey species of the Amur leopard are roe and sika deer, along with hares and badgers.
The Amur typically faces difficulty in areas where it must share territory with tigers, but this is seldom the case in Russia. Studies have indicated that an increased tiger population in the Southwest Primary area has not adversely affected the leopard population.
Amur leopards in zoos show some evidence of seasonal breeding with a peak in births in late spring/early summer. After a gestation period of around 12 weeks cubs are born in litters of 1-4 individuals, with an average litter size of just over 2. The cubs will stay with their mother for up to two years before becoming fully independent. Females first breed at an age of 3–4 years.
In the wild, leopards live for 10–15 years and they may reach 20 years in captivity.