Stone Mountain Covered Bridge

Janie Oliver

Kennesaw, United States

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Stone Mountain Park
1000 Robert E. Lee Drive
Stone Mountain, Georgia

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Stone Mountain Covered Bridge is also known as Effie’s Bridge, College Avenue Covered Bridge, and Oconee River Bridge. It is 151 feet in length and was added to the National Register of Historical Places in 1974 as Structure #74002374.

On March 26, 1891 a contract was let to have Horace King’s son, Washington W. King, build this bridge in Clarke County Georgia. Mr. Washington King won this contract putting in a bid of $2,470. The actual construction of the bridge didn’t begin in Athens until 1892. The bridge was used as a connection between College and Hobson Avenues, spanning the Oconee River. At first this bridge was 162 feet long and made in the town lattice design. After the flood of 1911 the bridge was raised 8 feet to help keep the bridge from freshet damage. It was closed in 1963 due to flood damage and declared unsafe. The bridge was sold on February 18, 1964 for $1 and moved to its new site in Stone Mountain Park in March of 1965. This move cost an estimated $18,000. The move was also the reason for the removal of 30 feet of the bridge to its current size of 151 feet.

“Covered bridges” or “lattice bridges” were common throughout the eastern United States in the nineteenth century. Bridges like this were refuge for travelers during storms, courting couples, and robbers who hide themselves on the overhead timbers and dropped down on the unsuspecting victim.

Stone Mountain Memorial Association (SMMA), a State authority that is self-supporting and receives no tax dollars, is responsible for Georgia’s Stone Mountain Park. Since 1998, SMMA has managed the park through a long-term public/ private partnership with Herschend Family Entertainment Corporation (HFEC), a private corporation that manages all commercial operations in the Park –lodging, retail, special events and attractions. SMMA supervises the lease with HFEC, maintains all public areas (the Natural District which makes up two-thirds of the Park, roadways, utilities, etc.), provides public safety, and supports historical and environmental education services within the Park.

SMMA’s mission is to preserve, protect and enhance this wonderful 3,200 acre natural resource for the people of Georgia and visitors from around the world.

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