Ramesses the Great's Cartouches with adoring Rekhyt Birds

HoremWeb

Veresegyház, Hungary

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His Majesty [the Strong Bull, Beloved of Maat, The Two Ladies Protecting Kemet, Conqueror of the Foreign Hordes, The Golden Horus, Mighty and Enduring, Whose Victories are Great, King of Upper and Lower Egypt,] Usermaatra Setepenra, [Son of Ra,] Meriamon Ramesses’ (l. p. h.) nomen and prenomen in cartouches, standing on the hieroglyph of ‘nub’ (gold) and crowned with the Sun-disc and feathers of Amun-Ra, as they are featured in several monuments of the King, like in the pillars of the Great Hypostyle Hall in Karnak Temple. There are several instances of his cartouches adored by a Rekhyt Birds (peewit, Vanellus Vanellus) that symbolized common people, mainly though some thousand years before they were symbols or the beaten enemies. The Rekhyt Birds squat on the nb hieroglyph and in front of them the star means dua. This, with the hand position gives a meaningful sentence: All (even foreign) people are adoring the (names of the) Pharaoh. This motif is frequent spaceholder on columns and walls bottom parts, and dates back centuries before the New Kingdom and the Ramessides.

The rule of Ramesses II brought peace and wealth to the Two Lands of ancient Egypt, by victories both in north at Levante and Canaan and south at Nubia, and even in west over the Lybian tribes. He signed the peace treaty with the Hittites and as a strange exception, they even kept it. He died in his 90 or 91, after 64 or 67 years of reign, survived most of his subjects, including his numerous children. His successor Merneptah was his 13th son (of about 60+ children). He was honoured as “The Great Ancestor” for centuries and received full military honour when he visited Paris for a medical cure after 3200 years of his death. (Just check Wikipedia, it is true.)

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