Christian Demonology – B

Why is it that you like Christian Demonology so much? That is a question I wish desperately for people to ask me, but they never do. So before I move onto naming and detailing more fantastic demons I am going to answer a question no one ever asked.
I love Christian Demonology because of the bible, odd statement for someone such as myself I know(I make my feelings for Christianity pretty clear… if I deem it necessary). But there is reason for my madness, you see no matter how dreadfully written, boringly put or threateningly phrased the bible is, it is also a mostly accurate historical record of ancient middle eastern religions, and it is far more readily available than Greek documents. Know the enemy you plan to destroy like you know your brethren.
Of course the bible is a fantasy book set in the real world, it mentions real things that happened and even offers an explanation(God did it) which holds out in some cases(men acted in the name of God), and falls flatly on it’s illogical arse in others(Exodus, Genesis… Revelations… though the end of the world has yet to happen of course. You might notice none of these are proven to have actually happened). As in any fantasy book the bible is filled with fantastic beasts, wondrous creatures and the occasional burning bush, these fantastic beasts are the demons that I have such a delightful relationship with.
I mostly use the bible and it’s demons as a starting place to look into the mythologies of the world, as you probably figured a lot of “pagan” gods were demonized by the bible and it’s subsequent scriptures, because of this it has become a first stop for any religiously pious scholar, rebellious teen or just someone who likes to brag about things other people might not know about(I fall into the third category, but I am interested in this stuff as well).
I realise there are other resources to look up demons, and I happily consult the internet variants of these sources(Pseudomonarchia Daemonu by Johann Wier1583, Ars Goetia to confusing to name authors, it’s from the 17th century and it’s in The Lesser Key of Solomon, Malleus Maleficarum by Heinrich Kramer and Jacob Sprenger1486, Dictionnaire Infernal by Collin de Plancy1863 to name a few) on most occasions, but once again the majority of them were based on Christian mythology so the bible is still the first stop.
Anyway I stop my rambling and move onto naming the fantastic beasts.

Baal – Also known as Bael, supposedly the first king of hell

In the grand grimoire(load of crap if you ask me, don’t bother with it at all) Baal is the leader of the infernal powers. He is the first demon listed in Pseudomanrchia Deamonu

“Bael – Their first and principal king (which is of the power of the east) is called Baël who when he is conjured up, appeareth with three heads; the first, like a toad; the second, like a man; the third, like a cat. He speaketh with a hoarse voice, he maketh a man go invisible [and wise], he hath under his obedience and rule sixtie and six legions of divels.”

Essentially he is the king of the eastern lands of hell, when he is summoned he has 3 heads 1 of a toad, another of a cat and finally that of a man. He is wise and a teacher and can give humans(the person who conjures him) the ability to become invisible.

He is also the first listed in the Ars Goetia again as a king. He is depicted much in the same way as he is in PD probably because PD came first and was an influential source for demonology.

“The First Principal Spirit is a King ruling in the East, called Bael. He maketh thee to go Invisible. He ruleth over 66 Legions of Infernal Spirits. He appeareth in diverse shapes, sometimes like a Cat, sometimes like a Toad, and sometimes like a Man, and sometimes all these forms at once. He speaketh hoarsely. This is his character which is used to be worn as a Lamen before him who calleth him forth, or else he will not do thee homage.”

He is also described as having the ability to take the shape of any of his heads in the Ars Geotia, also if summoned without his sigil/symbol adorning the conjurer he wont do the bidding of the summoner.

Baphomet – Hermaphrodite demon god/ess of witches

My favourite demon, I have no idea where to start with it so I shall start where anyone who has read the Da Vinci Code might no what I am talking about.

The Knights Templar where(among many the other unfounded accusations from a corrupt government and church) accused of worshipping a demon called Baphomet that appeared as a disembodied head or black cat before them.
There is no clear description of what Baphomet looks like, some believed s/he was a giant floating head with 2 faces sometimes with beards and sometimes he was either a man with a cockerel head or a man with a goat head, bat wings and hooves.
The most famous depiction of Baphomet is: the head of a goat, female torso, cloven feet, a pair of wings(usually feathered), a torch or candle on its head between the horns, and a symbol of revelation covering his/her groin(the symbol signifies a combination of male sexual potency, the four elements and intelligence).

There are several theories as to where the worship of Baphomet of the templars came from, some believe that since the templars fought with Muslim assassins who worshipped Mahomet the french word for the Muslim prophet(Mohammed to us), they adopted the worship of the prophet, but that’s unlikely since idol worship is forbidden in Islam.
Another possible origin is the combination of two Greek words which mean together “absorption into wisdom”, but I wouldn’t know the truth of that since I’m not very good with Greek or etymology.
I am not going to rant about the accusations against the templars, suffice to say the church was known to use torture as a means to retrieve confessions from witches and other people. Such confessions were likely made up to appease the church whose thirst for a witch hunt was a little to strong. It was under these conditions the templars confessed to worshipping Baphomet. Remind you of anything these days?

I am quite glad I started there, it is where the Baphomet myth was started after all.

Okay moving on. Baphomet was later adopted by Eliphas Levi(the artist who rendered the most famous picture of the s/he goat god/ess). The demon was quickly associated with occultism when Levi published the book “Dogmas and Rituals of High Magick” in which the picture was in the book, Levi drew the picture himself and called it the “Sabbat Goat”.
The picture is a combination of the carvings found in some templar temples of old men with beards, breasts, wings and animalistic arses and the Devil card in the High Arcana of the Tarot.

“The goat on the frontispiece carries the sign of the pentagram on the forehead, with one point at the top, a symbol of light, his two hands forming the sign of hermetism, the one pointing up to the white moon of Chesed, the other pointing down to the black one of Geburah. This sign expresses the perfect harmony of mercy with justice. His one arm is female, the other male like the ones of the androgyn of Khunrath, the attributes of which we had to unite with those of our goat because he is one and the same symbol. The flame of intelligence shining between his horns is the magic light of the universal balance, the image of the soul elevated above matter, as the flame, whilst being tied to matter, shines above it. The beast’s head expresses the horror of the sinner, whose materially acting, solely responsible part has to bear the punishment exclusively; because the soul is insensitive according to its nature and can only suffer when it materializes. The rod standing instead of genitals symbolizes eternal life, the body covered with scales the water, the semi- circle above it the atmosphere, the feathers following above the volatile. Humanity is represented by the two breasts and the androgyn arms of this sphinx of the occult sciences.”
That is the way Levi described his drawing and what the various parts represent.

Aleister Crowley built upon this image of Baphomet and described it as a combination of the ram-god Mendes, the ptolemaic-roman god Harpocrates and the child version of horus. Harpocrates is a deity of fertility and his animal form is a ram. Aleister was a big fan of Baphomet and incorporated him/her into a lot of his workings in the Craft. He eventually took the name Baphomet as his Craft name in the latter days of his life.
There was also a rumour that Freemasons worship Baphomet, but that is just a rumour started as a joke. Another famous depiction of Baphomet is one of a goats head drawn inside an inverted pentagram, such pentagrams are used continuously in the metal world, especially by black metal bands(Baphomet is commonly used also). Possibly because it is connected to Satan worship.

Beelzebub – Lord of Flies, flying things and the Prince of Demons

The name Beelzebub comes from the name Baal which means lord and zebub which in hebrew means fly, hence “Lord of Flies”
In the bible(to be accurate the gospels of Luke, Mark and Matthew) Jesus is accused by Pharisees of being Beelzebub because he could drive demons out of the possessed.

“The scribes who had come from Jerusalem said, ‘He is possessed by Beelzebul,’ and ‘By the prince of demons he drives out demons.’ – Mk 3:22

“This man drives out demons only by the power of Beelzebul, the prince of demons.” – Mt 12:24

“Some of them said ’By the power of Beelzebul, the prince of demons, he drives out demons.” – Lk 11:15

Beelzebub is also connected to the Philistine city Ekron. After the rebellion of Moab against Israel Ahaziah fell and injured himself, he sent a messenger to the city of Ekon to enquire Beelzebub where he should go to recover from his injury.

“Go and inquire of Baalzebub, the god of Ekron, whether I shall recover from this injury.” – 2 Kings 1:2

God however sent someone to intervene the messenger to tell him to return to his master because there is no god of Ekron and he shall not recover.

In the Testament of Solomon (1st-3rd centuries CE), Solomon learns that Beelzebub is one of the fallen angels who destroys through tyrants, causes demons to be worshipped, arouses desires in priests, brings about jealousy and murder, and instigates wars.

“Then I summoned Beelzebub to appear before me again. When he was seated, I thought it appropriate to ask him, ‘Why are you alone Prince of the Demons?’ He replied, ’Because I am the only one left of the heavenly angels (who fell). I was the highest-ranking angel in heaven, the one called Beelzebub. There is also accompanied me another ungodly (angel) whom God cut off and now, imprisoned here, he holds in his power the race of those bound by me in Tartarus. He is being nurtured in the Red Sea; when he is ready, he will come in triumph.”

“I said to him, ‘What are your activities?’ He replied, ’I bring destruction by means of tyrants; I cause the demons to be worshipped alongside men; and I arouse desire in holy men and select priests. I bring about jealousies and murders in a country, and I instigate wars.” – TSol 6:1-4

The other demon he refers to as being imprisoned in the Red Sea is the one-winged demon, Abezethibou, Moses’ adversary in Egypt.

Beelzebub has many variants in names as well as appearance.
He is sometimes described as imposing with a wise face. Some say he is as high as a tower or of similar size to us. Some say he has the figure of a snake with feminine traits. Sometimes he is an enormous calf or a goat with a long tail, but with the face of a fly. Beelzebub appeared to Faust ‘dressed like a bee and with two dreadful ears, his hair painted in all colours with a dragon’s tail.’ The Marechal of Retz described him as a leopard. He breathed fire and howled like a wolf when angry. Sometimes Astaroth appears with him in the form of an ass.

Beleth – Terrible King of Hell

“Beleth is a great king and a terrible, riding on a pale horse, before whom go trumpets, and all kind of melodious music. When he is called up by an exorcist, he appeareth rough and furious, to deceive him. Then let the exorcist or conjurer take heed to himself; and to hold his courage, let him hold a hazel bat(wand) in his hand, where with he must reach out toward the east and south, and make a triangle without besides the circle(draw a triangle in the air starting from the south moving to the south then to the sky); but if he hold not out his hand unto him, and he bid him come in, and he still refuse the bond or chain of spirits; let the conjurer proceed to reading, and by and by he will submit himself, and come in, and do whatsoever the exorcist commandeth him, and he shall be safe. If Beleth the king be more stubborn, and refuse to enter into the circle at the first call, and the conjurer show himself fearful, or if he have not the chain of spirits, certainly he will never fear nor regard him after. Also, if the place he unapt for a triangle to be made without the circle, then set there a boll of wine, and the exorcist shall certainly know when he commeth out of his house, with his fellows, and that the foresaid Beleth will be his helper, his friend, and obedient unto him when he commeth forth. And when he commeth, let the exorcist receive him courteously, and glorify him in his pride, and therefore he shall adore him as other kings do, because he saith nothing without other princes. Also, if he be cited by an exorcist, always a silver ring of the middle finger of the left hand must be held against the exorcists face, as they do for Amaymon. And the dominion and power of so great a prince is not to be pretermitted; for there is none under the power & dominion of the conjurer, but he that deteineth both men and women in doting love, till the exorcist hath had his pleasure. He is of the orders of powers, hoping to return to the seventh throne, which is not altogether credible, and he ruleth eighty five legions.”

A quotation from PD, it is telling you of Beleth’s character and appearance. It also tells you part of the ritual needed to summon him and some of the etiquette required when in his presence.

Belial – Son of Darkness and Father of uncircumcised heathens

Belial is a hebrew word that means “without value”, he is also known as Beliar in Greek.
Among a small faction of the Jewish faith Belial is the leader of the devils. In the tale of the war between the sons of the light and the sons of the darkness in the Dead Sea Scrolls, Belial is the leader of the sons of darkness.

“But for corruption thou hast made Belial, an angel of hostility. All his dominions are in darkness, and his purpose is to bring about wickedness and guilt. All the spirits that are associated with him are but angels of destruction.”

Belial is also mentioned in the Damascus Document, which says that during the time of the Antichrist “Belial shall be let loose against Israel, as God spake through Isaiah the prophet”. The Fragment scriptures also speak of the “nets of Belial”, these are sex, wealth and defilement of holy sanctuaries. He is often portrayed as a rebel or and agent of divine punishment. It is believed Belial inspired the Egyptian sorcerers Jochaneh and his brother to oppose Moses and Aaron.
Belial is also mentioned in the Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs.
The author of the work seems to be a dualist because he presents Belial as God’s opponent, not as a servant. Simeon 5:3 says that fornication separates man from God and brings him near to Beliar. Levi tells his children to choose between the Law of God and the works of Beliar (Levi 19:1) It also states that when the soul is constantly disturbed, the Lord departs from it and Beliar rules over it.

Belial is also portrayed as the angel of lawlessness.

“And Manasseh turned aside his heart to serve Beliar; for the angel of lawlessness, who is the ruler of this world, is Beliar, whose name is Matanbuchus.” – Martyrdom of Isaiah 2:4

In Christianity he is the angel of confusion and lust, he is created straight after Lucifer and often he is cited as the reason Lucifer rebelled. Belial was the first angel to be thrown out of heaven.

Belphegor – Demon of the Opening

The name Belphegor is a corruption of the biblical name Baal-peor who was the god of the Moabites. Apparently when Israel was in the north-eastern region of the plains of Moab, they had illicit relations with the Maobite women and sacraficed to their god.

“Your eyes have seen what the LORD has done in the case of Baal-Peor, for all the men who followed Baal-peor, the LORD your God has destroyed them from among you.” – Deuteronomy 4:3

“They joined themselves also to Baal-peor, And ate sacrifices offered to the dead.” – Psalm 106:27-29

“I found Israel like grapes in the wilderness; I saw your forefathers as the earliest fruit on the fig tree in its first season. But they came to Baal-peor and devoted themselves to shame, and they became as detestable as that which they loved.” – Hosea 9:10

As punishment Moses had the Israelites who sacrificed to Baal-Peor killed, the slaughter eventually reached 24,000 in number.

I have decided to cut the list short, the last 2 demons Berith and Bune are boring, heh. Well bune isn’t but I am going to cut it here… it’s already 7 pages long.

Christian Demonology – B

Heath30

Coventry, United Kingdom

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