A Guide For the Future (CARS STEAL HEAVENS HIGHWAYS)

CARS STEAL HEAVEN’S HIGHWAYS:CARS STEAL HEAVEN’S HIGHWAYS:
An Account of mankind’s passion for cars, and need for oil and gas as it consumes our planet. Since 1888. A Report & guide’ for the future’

Author Andrew James Bohman//Andy j//

A Guide for leaders to follow and for the public to raise awareness.

This book is an overview and has alternative interesting & professional view on how cars & oil & gas has made the demise of our World & the Environment & Human lives’ with some people believing there is War’s over oil’ and greed’& money & power’

In the future we need clean fuel so what do we choose? This is why this guide will be available.

In 2010

Between 1989 & 1999 2,915 Deaths. From 1999 to 2009, in 2010 estimates are not known but its ironic I was hit by a car crossing the road in Sydney’s Enmore as I was at Enmore theartre and crossed the road and was hit by a car ive broken 5 bones in my foot now four weeks on im walking but still in pain,
And by the way the driver did not stop.
we estimate that approximately 2000 people have had injury or death from car related incidents a year
Look at where we would be with out oil and gas and cars.
A lot healthier
Money: look at formula 1 racing its big money and technology its real big money so is oil.

History tells…us much

Aryton Senna
He streaked through the sport like a comet, an other-worldly superstar whose brilliance as a driver was matched by a dazzling intellect and coruscating charisma that illuminated Formula One racing as never before. No one tried harder or pushed himself further, nor did anyone shed so much light on the extremes to which only the greatest drivers go. Intensely introspective and passionate in the extreme, Ayrton Senna endlessly sought to extend his limits, to go faster than himself, a quest that ultimately made him a martyr but did not diminish his mystique.

Ayrton Senna da Silva was born on March 21, 1960, into a wealthy Brazilian family where, with his brother and sister, he enjoyed a privileged upbringing. He never needed to race for money but his deep need for racing began with an infatuation for a miniature go-kart his father gave him when he was four years old. As a boy the highlights of Ayrton’s life were Grand Prix mornings when he awoke trembling with anticipation at the prospect of watching his Formula One heroes in action on television. At 13 he raced a kart for the first time and immediately won. Eight years later he went single-seater racing in Britain, where in three years he won five championships, by which time he had divorced his young wife and forsaken a future in his father’s businesses in favour of pursuing success in Formula One racing, where he made his debut with Toleman in 1984. At Monaco (a race he would win six times), his sensational second to Alain Prost’s McLaren – in torrential rain – was confirmation of the phenomenal talent that would take the sport by storm.

Deciding Toleman’s limited resources were inadequate for his towering ambition, Senna bought out his contract and in 1985 moved to Lotus, where in three seasons he started from pole 16 times (he eventually won a record 65) and won six races. Having reached the limits of Lotus he decided the fastest way forward would be with McLaren, where he went in 1988 and stayed for six seasons, winning 35 races and three world championships.

In 1988, when McLaren-Honda won 15 of the 16 races, Senna beat his team mate Alain Prost eight wins to seven to take his first driving title. Thereafter two of the greatest drivers became protagonists in one of the most infamous feuds. In 1989 Prost took the title by taking Senna out at the Suzuka chicane. In 1990 Senna extracted revenge at Suzuka’s first corner, winning his second championship by taking out Prost’s Ferrari at Suzuka’s first corner. Senna’s third title, in 1991, was straightforward as his domination as a driver became even more pronounced, as did his obsession with becoming better still. Some of his greatest performances came in his final year with McLaren, following which he moved to Williams for the ill-fated 1994 season.

Beyond his driving genius Senna was one of the sport’s most compelling personalities. Though slight in stature he possessed a powerful physical presence, and when he spoke, with his warm brown eyes sparkling and his voice quavering with intensity, his eloquence was spellbinding. Even the most jaded members of the Formula One fraternity were mesmerised by his passionate soliloquies and in his press conferences you could hear a pin drop as he spoke with such hypnotic effect. His command performances were captured by the media and the world at large became aware of Senna’s magnetic appeal.

Everyone marvelled at how he put so much of himself, his very soul, into everything he did, not just his driving but into life itself. Behind the wheel the depth of his commitment was there for all to see and the thrilling spectacle of Senna on an all-out qualifying lap or a relentless charge through the field evoked an uneasy combination of both admiration for his superlative skill and fear for his future.

He drove like a man possessed – some thought by demons. His ruthless ambition provoked condemnation from critics, among them Prost who accused him of caring more about winning than living. When Senna revealed he had discovered religion Prost and others suggested he was a dangerous madman who thought God was his co-pilot. “Senna is a genius,” Martin Brundle said. “I define genius as just the right side of imbalance. He is so highly developed to the point that he’s almost over the edge. It’s a close call.”

Even Senna confessed he occasionally went too far, as was the case in qualifying for the 1988 Monaco Grand Prix, where he became a passenger on a surreal ride into the unknown. Already on pole, he went faster and faster and was eventually over two seconds quicker than Prost in an identical McLaren. “Suddenly, it frightened me,” Ayrton said, “because I realised I was well beyond my conscious understanding. I drove back slowly to the pits and did not go out anymore that day.”

He said he was acutely aware of his own mortality and used fear to control the extent of the boundaries he felt compelled to explore. Indeed, he regarded racing as a metaphor for life and he used driving as a means of self-discovery. “For me, this research is fascinating. Every time I push, I find something more, again and again. But there is a contradiction. The same moment that you become the fastest, you are enormously fragile. Because in a split-second, it can be gone. All of it. These two extremes contribute to knowing yourself, deeper and deeper.”

His self-absorption did not preclude deep feelings for humanity and he despaired over the world’s ills. He loved children and gave millions of his personal fortune (estimated at $400 million when he died) to help provide a better future for the underprivileged in Brazil. Early in 1994 he spoke about his own future. “I want to live fully, very intensely. I would never want to live partially, suffering from illness or injury. If I ever happen to have an accident that eventually costs my life, I hope it happens in one instant.”

And so it did, on May 1, 1994, in the San Marino Grand Prix, where his race-leading Williams inexplicably speared off the Imola track and hit the concrete wall at Tamburello corner. Millions saw it happen on television, the world mourned his passing and his state funeral in Sao Paulo was attended by many members of the shocked Formula One community. Among the several drivers escorting the coffin was Alain Prost. Among the sad mourners was Frank Williams, who said: "Ayrton was no ordinary person. He was actually a greater man out of the car than in it.
I remember that day in 1994

so how does all this transform, cars and oil whats next
we have to educate & research new fuels and make cars affordable

Fossil Fuels

In common dialogue, the term fossil fuel also includes hydrocarbon-containing natural resources that are not derived from animal or plant sources.

These are sometimes known instead as mineral fuels.

The utilization of fossil fuels has enabled large-scale industrial development and largely supplanted water-driven mills, as well as the combustion of wood or peat for heat.

Fossil fuel is a general term for buried combustible geologic deposits of organic materials, formed from decayed plants and animals that have been converted to crude oil, coal, natural gas, or heavy oils by exposure to heat and pressure in the earth’s crust over hundreds of millions of years.

The burning of fossil fuels by humans is the largest source of emissions of carbon dioxide, which is one of the greenhouse gases that allows radiative forcing and contributes to global warming.
Companies try to disguise their filthy investments by talking up the prospect of implementing Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technology. Just one of the problems? We need carbon reductions now, but Vattenfall say their first ‘commercial concept’ will be ready between 2015 and 2020 – too late to make a difference, even it worked.

If Europe doesn’t face up to the coal industry continues to grow even as it decarbonises. It will have to face up to the consequences of climate change. Fortunately there is an alternative.
h take the excess heat created by electricity generation and make it available for heating rather than letting it dissipate into the atmosphere – can deliver the CO2 savings we need. More demanding energy efficiency standards for everything from light bulbs and fridges to cars will ensure the economy

It was an unprecedented election campaign in Australia. Every party was forced to take a position on climate change. In the end, Labor was victorious – boosted by a pledge to sign the Kyoto Protocol and generate 20 percent of Australia’s energy from renewable sources by 2020.

A small portion of hydrocarbon-based fuels are biofuels derived from atmospheric carbon dioxide, and thus do not increase the net amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere..
We have a desire for speed and motor cars,

It seems you can’t turn anywhere at a motor show these days without numerous manufacturers green claims competing for attention. But take a peek under the green hood and the industry has a huge, dirty, lobbying engine still stuck in reverse

So where do we go from here Leaders, and industry well this Guide might help.

Is Guide for all people, and world leaders to follow if they want to reverse Global warming, and Climate Change? And for mankind to study, and Lecturing, and Guidance, the world is suffering, Car’s & truck’ they have survive and for all children & people to see a future", from my experience, wisdom, been part of society for over 100 year’s they have been part of human day to day life, with passion for speed has lead to a multi multi billion dollar Industry, car enthusiasts, motor racing, formula 1 is Money million’s and million’s,

And if an alternative option’s are not in full production by 2015 it will be dire for the whole motor industry and world,
We must act and governments must act very soon. other wise the world will go through a terrible,time changing Future and mankind will not survive with many Proffessers & Dr’s & Aboriginal leaders, are me are very worried,
and feel very strongly that We are not acting Quick enough.and man has only now being informed on what will happen if we don’t act soon.

Example Car commercials on TV are still pushing petrol cars like they are toy’s and if governments Want to act in a way that’s a Benefit for all people and the Earth ,we need to put an Advertising Campgain Together with the help of Government’s and the industry , with an awareness program that outlines that Car’s and Oil play a major role in Global Climate Change , and problem’s will occur if greed and money and convenience prevail this is a true fact the world has to change, Quickly, Before its too late, I will in this report Give Dates For leaders to follow as a Guide
view of the Author Andrew j bohman.

The impact on climate change
“I expect climate change to affect all Australians and the world; it is the responsibility of governments and decision makers, motor industry directors, alterative Teams for our future, and the general public with accurate observations and awareness & information about our changing climate. We need advertising, on TV, radio, internet.

I hope I can make people aware and id be wrong if I said we cant change views and come up with solutions that’s why I’m writing this Book.

Bio fuels.

International — they seem like a perfect solution, making fuels from plants to help cut carbon emissions. The simple promise of so-called biofuels has led to many companies and politicians being swept up in the hype. However more and more research is revealing many current biofuels are a false solution.

Over the last few years biofuels seem to have enchanted governments, car manufacturers and many others who must cut emissions to prevent dangerous climate change. US President Bush, hardly a fan of climate solutions, suddenly started promoting biofuels to make it appear he was taking action to cut emissions. Car manufactures have seized on biofuels as the perfect get-out-of-jail free card. Under pressure, especially in Europe, to meet efficiency targets they have consistently missed for the last 8 years, the manufacturers lobby convinced EU politicians that biofuels were the answer.

Many biofuels targets have been hastily proposed in the last two years for political expediency or to deflect attention from the efficiency targets car manufacturers’ fight tooth and nail against. But behind the hype, evidence has been mounting that many biofuels might even be worse than fossil fuels. I don’t belive Biofuel will be worse than oil or petrol.

Put very simply biofuel problems fall in to 3 areas Biofuels made from industrial food crops can produce more emissions due to large fossil fuel use in their production.
Biofuels from other crops such as palm oil are often grown on land which has been cleared of tropical rainforest, generating huge amounts of carbon emissions.

Increasing demand for biofuels means land used for food production is taken over driving up the price of basic foods.
Source nnknown08

The world’s view.

The overall framework for international cooperation in global change research and observations has been responsive to the needs of US global change science. However, this framework should be broadened and strengthened to keep pace with the evolving needs of this science with respect to both research and observations.

Climate modeling capabilities have improved dramatically in recent years and can be expected to continue to do so. As a result, US scientists are now able to model Earth system processes and their coupling on a regional and global scale with increasing precision and reliability. To continue to improve such modeling will require substantial expansion of Earth observing systems, both remote and in situ, in order to fill gaps in existing databases, especially in those areas of the world for which existing data is sparse. Such data-sparse regions include remote regions, especially those with harsh environments, and areas where existing capabilities to make observations and collect data are limited, such as the oceanic and interior land areas of the Southern Hemisphere and both polar region’s are being monitored and it is alarming how Quickly the polar region’s are changing,
Source) Greenpeace08)

The Motor Industries policies

The head of car giant General Motors has publicly warned the switch to biofuels such as ethanol and electric cars is now inevitable and with oil prices at record highs, motorists may soon become familiar with the phrase “peak oil”.

It is the theory that more than half the planet’s oil reserves have now been used and demand will inevitably outstrip supply, driving prices ever higher.
Source unknown08)
Its man who has to act now.

“We need to develop alternative sources of propulsion based on diverse sources of energy,” he said.

At the massive Detroit car show, the battle lines are drawn as rivals jostle for the spotlight to show off their green machines – electric petrol hybrids, ethanol friendly engines and more efficient means.

Oil prices

The cost of crude cracked $US100 a barrel last month and experts predict the price for crude will keep raising as global demand grows faster than supply. "It is Mother Nature that will suffer. Cars and petrol prices are going to have a huge impact on the way we transport ourselves around cities, around the country. My good friend Dr Kaye Berkley University has spent decades researching energy sources and arguing the case for fossil fuel alternatives.

“To ignore the warning coming from the senior executives of General Motors would be to condemn us to a future where we lose the ability to move,” he said.
“Those economies that thrive and prosper will be those that invested in mass public transport, urgently and immediately.”

Major issues

Federal Minister for Science and Innovation Kim Carr there are major issues that society will have to deal with.

“The major question arises in regards to the productivity of the nation, the major social questions that arise about the questions that relate to where people live,” he said.

“It is, of course, a major issue for the society to deal with.

“That’s why the Labor Government is moving forward to work with the states to ensure that we have the opportunities available through the development of appropriate infrastructure.”
“We need to make sure that diversion of crops into the creation of ethanol doesn’t simply drive up fuel prices and that we don’t create other global warming problems by clearing vegetation to create crops for generating ethanol,” he said.
(source unknown internet 08)

· Biofuel concerns for future

The European Union, which has set a 10 per cent biofuel target, is increasingly concerned about the wholesale clearance of rainforests in Indonesia, Brazil and Latin America to make way for biofuel will make a greenhouse-constrained world where there are difficulties with agriculture, putting pressure on food supplies should be avoided.

“The last thing we want to do is put transport in competition with food supply, and that’s precisely what bioethanol will do,” he said.

Here in Australia, it is mostly wheat being grown for ethanol “However that means coming on board, which means that we are able to think about different ways in which we can produce biofuels into the future.”
Hybrid cars

More than a million new cars hit Australia’s roads last year, the most popular still, the six-cylinder Holden Commodore.

But a small and growing proportion, just under 4,000, were imported petrol-electric hybrids. But the future electric plug-in cars will only be as clean as their sources of energy.

Cleaner energy

Australia relies overwhelmingly on coal, unless it shifts to cleaner sources of electricity, the electric plug-in car would be a step backwards in terms of CO2 emissions

“In terms of the future of coal-fired power stations and clean coal, other sources of electricity, those are important challenges that have to be addressed as part of the overall solution,” he said. .

“From our part we showed that a car manufacturer is able to produce an engine with zero emission.

“The other side is the total infrastructure which is needed to run such cars and this [something] a car company cannot do alone.”

Source unknown08)

Australian cars

But Australian car makers are yet to progress in the race to the clean, green car.

General Motors Holden unveiled a prototype for an electric-petrol car in 2000, but the project stalled.
Govenment Are encouraging local manufacturers to go green.
It will give the industry up to $500 million through its green car innovation fund.
“We want to do all we can to encourage the commercialization of those technologies, for Australia and the world. so they are trying motor industry but not quick enough i feel.

My view and others

So What Alternatives Are There?

· Vegetable Oil Fuel

The use of Vegetable Oil Fuel is carbon positive; this means that more carbon is locked up into the soil from growing the oil seed plant than released into the atmosphere by burning the oil produced from it. While the exhaust releases greenhouse gasses not that much different to petroleum fuels, the carbon being released was only captured from the atmosphere by the oil seed plant in the last couple of years. By using Vegetable Oil as fuel, you are taking part in the carbon cycle, reducing the carbon in the atmosphere rather than releasing more carbon from ancient deposits.

Vegetable Oil as Fuel won’t save the world, but it is a step in the right direction allowing us to use the embodied energy in our existing diesel vehicle fleet while we wait for the next generation of truly sustainable vehicles to come along, which are likely to run on electricity, oil produced from algae, hydrogen produced from solar power – or a combination of these.

By using Waste Vegetable Oil, we are not tying up valuable farming land to grow fuel crops. The Oil has already been used for its intended purpose when it was grown as a food, and has used up its embodied energy, which is the energy that was taken to grow it in the first place. By collecting your fuel locally from your favorite take-a-way, you are not wasting the energy of mass transportation that is contained in conventional fuels.

It is a great feeling driving down the road, knowing that you’re having a positive impact on the environmental situation.

The diesel engine was originally designed by Rudolf Diesel to run on vegetable oil, and later came to be run on mineral fuels. He thought that this engine could assist farmers to be more self sustaining, and not have to rely on outside inputs for their mechanization. Today most farm vehicles have a diesel motor, which many farmers could be operating from resources grown on their own farm!

Today’s diesel vehicles are not designed to operate on straight vegetable oil without modification to the vehicle. Many people modify the oil into a thinner fuel called fatty acid methyl esters otherwise known as Bodies, which requires a chemical reaction in a processing plant and the use of about 20% Methanol which is produced from fossil fuels.

Unlike Biodiesel, Vegetable Oil Fuel doesn’t require any fossil fuels or chemicals for its production and is essentially a waste product of the food industry. Vegetable Oil as fuel doesn’t attract a fuel excise in Australia, making it a much cheaper option for those considering the backyard production of Biodiesel which will work out to be at least 60 cents per litre more expensive due to the fuel excise and the costs of chemical inputs.

The cost of converting your diesel engine is likely to be significantly less than establishing a decent biodiesel plant. A conversion will often pay itself off in one service period.
Source Veggie oil Document 08)

Every town has a chip fryer

Waste Vegetable oil is available from just about any fish and chip shop, takeaway, café, restaurant, or canteen – often with such a high quality that you can pour it directly into your fuel tank and drive away!

Vegiecars is currently undertaking a trial delivering quality Waste Vegetable Oil to a fuel tank installed at your home and investigating establishing a refueling depot, for the future and for you so we are aware that this guide can have an impact in changing the future,
Sourced Veggiecars.com.au08 unknown writer

Electric

American Electric 1896-1898; Chicago
1898: Merged with Indiana Bicycle Co. to become Waverly.
Incorporated early 1896 by (MIT grad) Clinton Edgar Woods, with capitol stock of $250,000 they had a car on the streets by May. The car featured Baker designed ball bearing axels, solid rubber tires, and twin motor chain drive to the rear wheels

Extreme world Climate Change and the Earths problem’s will be out of mankind’s control,..!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Electric vehicles use a storage battery which is charged from an external power source. This charge is then used to power an electric motor. New battery technology has reduced the size of these batteries and today electric vehicles can reach speeds of 130km/h with a range of 90 to over 200 kames.

Electric vehicles will play an important part in our future transport industry, but for the moment, range, cost and power constraints will limit their role.

There are also environmental concerns relating to the generation of electricity from coal, and the associated emissions of carbon dioxide. However, Tasmania doesn’t have that concern at present due to our clean, renewable hydro-electric system.
Sourced m08 Gm Report USA)

Authors View. It must be followed for our future.
Dates for Government leaders an for the motor industry to follow:

The tide is turning

Is the tide turning? These events signal that the tide is possibly turning against oil and Gas & Fossil fuels, politicians are just beginning to wake up to the dangers of mass oil production.

So Biofuel’s: If we are going to use biofuels, we need to make sure that they are part of the solution, not contributing to the problem. That means not tearing up the rainforests to make way for biofuel crops just so that the car industry can continue to drag their feet on the issue of improved fuel efficiency.

· Energy solutions are a real issue and a team of scientists need to research new ways of powering and try to improve the current technologies so this is a guide that outlines pitfalls and alternative ways to power cars in the future with dates that industry & Government leaders must follow. Otherwise a certain demise of our climate and changes will be swift and man will become extinct. Most life on earth by 2999 in a report in 2005 that I hand out myself to make people aware it could be life extinction much sooner if fossil fuels and coal and oil are consumed by society and USA and the World, so beware is the answer, is follow these dates.

· 2012

· 2015

· 2020

· 2030

· Between 2050 and 2060 if fossil fuels are not abandoned and a simple but efficient sustainable fuel source is not found, it has to be higher than 80% of clean energy, nil carbon fuels by 2080 must be in place or there will be serious damage and impact to human kind, and the earth and life on earth. © 09

It is unfortunate to outline such a dire outcome but this is based on research and wisdom outlined in truly sustainable energy technologies such as wind, solar and geothermal energy coupled with massive energy efficiency increases governments can deliver climate friendly, clean and secure energy. For transport there are significant efficiency gains to be made before biofuels should be considered.

We have a desire for speed and motor cars,

It seems you can’t turn anywhere at a motor show these days without numerous manufacturers green claims competing for attention. But take a peek under the green hood and the industry has a huge, dirty, lobbying engine still stuck in reverse

So where do we go from here Leaders, and industry well this Guide might help.

Is Guide for all people, and world leaders to follow if they want to reverse Global warming, and Climate Change? And for mankind to study, and Lecturing, and Guidance, the world is suffering, Car’s & truck’ they have survive and for all children & people to see a future", from my experience, wisdom, been part of society for over 100 year’s they have been part of human day to day life, with passion for speed has lead to a multi multi-billion dollar Industry, car enthusiasts, motor racing, formula 1 is Money million’s and million’s,

And if an alternative options are not in full production by 2015 it will be dire for the whole motor industry and world. We must act and governments must act very soon otherwise the world will go through a terrible time changing Future and mankind will not survive with many Professors & Dr’s & Aboriginal leaders, are me are very worried, and feel very strongly that we are not acting quick enough and man has only now being informed on what will happen if we don’t act soon.

Example Car commercials on TV are still pushing petrol cars like they are toy’s and if governments Want to act in a way that’s a Benefit for all people and the Earth, we need to put an Advertising Campaign Together with the help of Government’s and the industry , with an awareness program that outlines that Car’s and Oil play a major role in Global Climate Change , and problem’s will occur if greed and money and convenience prevail this is a true fact the world has to change, Quickly, Before its too late, I will in this report Give Dates For leaders to follow as a Guide

The impact on climate change

‘I expect climate change to affect all Australians and the world; it is the responsibility of governments and decision makers, motor industry directors, alterative Teams for our future, and the general public with accurate observations and awareness & information about our changing climate. We need advertising, on TV, radio, internet because there will be melting of ice-sheets and rapidly rising sea level’ (greenpeace08)

Biofuels: International — they seem like a perfect solution, making fuels from plants to help cut carbon emissions. The simple promise of so-called biofuels has led to many companies and politicians being swept up in the hype. However more and more research is revealing many current biofuels are a false solution.

Over the last few years, biofuels seem to have enchanted governments, car manufacturers and many others who must cut emissions to prevent dangerous climate change. US President Bush, hardly a fan of climate solutions, suddenly started promoting biofuels to make it appear he was taking action to cut emissions. Car manufactures have seized on biofuels as the perfect get-out-of-jail free card. Under pressure, especially in Europe, to meet efficiency targets they have consistently missed for the last 8 years, the manufacturers lobby convinced EU politicians that biofuels were the answer.

Many biofuels targets have been hastily proposed in the last two years for political expediency or to deflect attention from the efficiency targets car manufacturers’ fight tooth and nail against. But behind the hype, evidence has been mounting that many biofuels might even be worse than fossil fuels. I don’t believe Biofuel will be worse than oil or petrol.

Put very simply biofuel problems fall in to 3 areas Biofuels made from industrial food crops can produce more emissions due to large fossil fuel use in their production.
Biofuels from other crops such as palm oil are often grown on land that has been cleared of tropical rainforest, generating huge amounts of carbon emissions.

Increasing demand for biofuels means land used for food production is taken over driving up the price of basic foods.
Source unknown 08

Dire situation

Although we have been arguing for years and years that the environmental credentials of Biofuels are seriously suspect. As we pointed out in our report into palm oil, a growing source of biofuels (Greenpeace. )

This is anything but a clean energy. We uncovered how the production of palm oil is driving the destruction of Indonesia’s rainforest and as a result, C02 emissions are spiraling. so we cant use palm oil .

IF this is the case we can’t fell trees to feed cars, but now we fell trees for paper that has to stop if mankind is to see a future. There is a View that if we Don’t Act very Quickly it could Devastate Mankind.

Despite these big issues biofuels seemed to be on a roll. The Philippine government passed a new law forcing car owners to use a certain amount of biofuel when they fill up their cars, whilst the EU pledged that biofuels should make up 10 percent of transport fuel by 2020. And other countries, like the UK, have fallen for biofuels. The UK government is pushing through a law that will demand all transport fuels contain 5 percent biofuel by 2010. But look at my Dates Seriously it’s very Important For you to take my view Seriously.

However recently there have been signs that the politicians who first fell for biofuels might be belatedly realizing they have made a big mistake.

The EU Environment Commissioner, Stavros Dimas, has thrown the EU’s biofuel target into disarray when he stated that it would be better to miss the EU target on biofuels than to trash the environment and push more people into poverty. Speaking to the BBC, that – “we have seen that the environmental problems caused by biofuels and also the social problems are bigger than we thought they were. So we have to move very carefully”. He went onto claim that the problem would be solved when he unveils tougher environmental and social standards next week. But the fact is without really strong criteria the EU target is effectively redundant.

To top it all, the UK’s leading scientific body, the Royal Society, has released a report warning that biofuels risk failing to deliver significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions from transport, and could even be environmentally damaging.
Fossil fuels

Companies try to disguise their filthy investments by talking up the prospect of implementing Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technology. Just one of the problems? We need carbon reductions now, but Vattenfall say their first ‘commercial concept’ will be ready between 2015 and 2020 – too late to make a difference, even it worked.

If Europe doesn’t face up to the coal industry continues to grow even as it decarbonises. It will have to face up to the consequences of climate change. Fortunately there is an alternative.
h take the excess heat created by electricity generation and make it available for heating rather than letting it dissipate into the atmosphere – can deliver the CO2 savings we need. More demanding energy efficiency standards for everything from light bulbs and fridges to cars will ensure the economy

It was an unprecedented election campaign in Australia. Every party was forced to take a position on climate change. In the end, Labor was victorious – boosted by a pledge to sign the Kyoto Protocol and generate 20 percent of Australia’s energy from renewable sources by 2020.

The world’s view

The overall framework for international cooperation in global change research and observations has been responsive to the needs of US global change science. However, this framework should be broadened and strengthened to keep pace with the evolving needs of this science with respect to both research and observations.

Climate modeling capabilities have improved dramatically in recent years and can be expected to continue to do so. As a result, US scientists are now able to model Earth system processes and their coupling on a regional and global scale with increasing precision and reliability. To continue to improve such modeling will require substantial expansion of Earth observing systems, both remote and in situ, in order to fill gaps in existing databases, especially in those areas of the world for which existing data is sparse. Such data-sparse regions include remote regions, especially those with harsh environments, and areas where existing capabilities to make observations and collect data are limited, such as the oceanic and interior land areas of the Southern Hemisphere and both polar region’s are being monitored and it is alarming how Quickly the polar region’s are changing. (Greenpeace08)

Take this very seriously. This is the guide.

· 2010.

Governments need to raise a new awareness with TV commercials & radio talks by professional people like myself to shit the publics views on transport that is fossil fuels its advising that will change the public and peoples awareness that cars steal the road and people are unaware of the monumental damage driving around on the world, has done and will continue to do so if fossil fuels and coal and oil cease from our consuming World,

· 2012.

An alternative fuels team in place to inform Government and motor Industry Research will be done I would gladly lead a team to come up with researching new fuels & work. I’d like to talk on radio and television to inform the public.

A complete public transport system to cope for the growing population.

Full production from motor industry of alternative fuel motor cars.

· 2050.

All alternative and no carbon fuels in use at all.

· 2060

A clean Fuel power, on all motors and transport. Fuels Team to look into the future and I Know Global Warming Will Have Slowed and the plant will heal itself. This is fact, as I’m a well-known Geologist and a spiritual person. Mankind will see if this guide is not followed there is dire consequences for mankind.

New fuels

· Biomass

What is biomass to liquids?

Biomass to liquids is a term describing processes for converting biomass into a range of liquid fuels such as gasoline, diesel, and petroleum refinery feedstocks. These processes are usually distinguished from enzymatic/fermentation processes and processes that use only part of a biomass feedstock, such as those typically used to produce ethanol, biobutanol, and biodiesel.

Currently, the major biomass-to-liquids production processes are gas-to-liquids processes, involving conversion of biomass into gas and then into liquids, and pyrolysis, involving decomposition of biomass in the absence of oxygen to produce a liquid oil.
Biomass to Liquids for Alternative Fuels

Biomass-to-liquids processes have the potential to produce a wide range of useful fuels and chemicals. These include transportation fuels such as gasoline, diesel, and ethanol. Producing liquid transportation fuels from fossil fuels such as natural gas and coal using the Fischer-Tropsch process has been demonstrated on a large scale; biomass also could be used as a Fischer-Tropsch feedstock, alone or in conjunction with fossil fuel sources.

One major benefit of biomass-to-liquids fuels is their compatibility with currently existing vehicle technologies and fuel distribution systems. Biomass-derived gasoline and diesel could be transported through existing pipelines, dispensed at existing fueling stations, and used to fuel today’s gasoline- and diesel-powered vehicles.

· Biomass-to-Liquids Benefits

Like other biomass-derived fuels, biomass-to-liquids fuels can be produced domestically from a variety of homegrown feedstocks while creating U.S. jobs. Greenhouse gas emissions are reduced because carbon dioxide captured when the feedstock crops are grown balances carbon dioxide released when the fuels are burned. Additional potential benefits of biomass-to-liquids fuels include:

Biomass-derived gasoline and diesel fuels can be used directly in today’s gasoline- and diesel-powered vehicles.

Biomass-derived gasoline and diesel fuels are compatible with the current gasoline and diesel distribution infrastructure and would not require new or modified pipelines, storage tanks, or retail station pumps.

Tests indicate gas-to-liquids fuels provide similar or better vehicle performance than their conventional counterparts.

Gas-to-liquids fuels have been shown to reduce regulated exhaust emissions from a variety of diesel engines and vehicles, and the near-zero sulfur content of these fuels can enable the use of advanced emission control devices.
Printable Version
Biomass-to-Liquids Research and Development
(source unknown)

Biomass-to-liquids processes are relatively immature. Research and development are improving the efficiency and economics of these processes. so its somthing to think about all these new fuels,

In the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) research and development include working to produce bio-syngas with characteristics suitable for commercial applications. Pyrolysis research and development areas include investigating stabilization and upgrading of bio-oil, determining potential applications of pyrolysis liquids, and establishing requirements for large-scale pyrolysis systems.

P-Series fuel is a blend of natural gas liquids (pentanes plus), ethanol, and the biomass-derived co-solvent methyltetrahydrofuran (MeTHF). P-Series fuels are clear, colorless, 89-93 octane, liquid blends that are formulated to be used in flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs). P-Series fuel can be used alone or freely mixed with gasoline in any proportion inside an FFV fuel tank. Currently, P-Series is not being produced in large quantities and is not widely used.

P-Series is the only fuel to be added to the list of authorized alternative fuels under the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct). It was added to the list through the EPAct petitions provision in 1999. Fischer-Tropsch diesel can be substituted directly for conventional (petroleum-derived) diesel to fuel diesel-powered vehicles, without modification to the vehicle engine or fueling infrastructure.

To enhance energy independence in the face of apartheid-related embargoes, South Africa satisfied most of its diesel demand with natural gas- and coal-derived F-T diesel for decades and is still using the fuel in significant quantities. More recently, global concerns about energy supplies and costs and the environment have created interest in F-T fuels elsewhere. For example, Shell markets F-T diesel as a premium diesel blend in Europe and Thailand. In the United States, F-T diesel has been used in demonstration projects.

Butanol is a 4-carbon alcohol (butyl alcohol). Biobutanol is butanol produced from biomass feedstocks. Currently, butanol’s primary use is as an industrial solvent in products such as lacquers and enamels.

· Biobutanol as an Alternative Fuel

A ButylFuel vehicle was driven across the United States on 100% biobutanol (Source: ButylFuel, LLC)

Like ethanol, biobutanol is a liquid alcohol fuel that can be used in today’s gasoline-powered internal combustion engines. The properties of biobutanol make it highly amenable to blending with gasoline. It is also compatible with ethanol blending and can improve the blending of ethanol with gasoline. The energy content of biobutanol is 10 to 20 percent lower than that of gasoline.

Under U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations, biobutanol can be blended as an oxygenate with gasoline in concentrations up to 11.5 percent by volume (i.e., the EPA considers blends of 11.5% or less biobutanol with gasoline to be “substantially similar” to pure gasoline). Blends of 85 percent or more biobutanol with gasoline are required to qualify as an EPAct alternative fuel. Biobutanol proponents claim that today’s vehicles can be fueled with high concentrations of biobutanol—up to 100%—with minor or no vehicle modifications, although testing of this claim has been limited.

Gas to liquids

Gas to liquids is a term describing processes for converting natural gas into liquid fuels such as gasoline and diesel. Currently, the major gas-to-liquids production process is the Fischer-Tropsch process.

Gas to Liquids for Alternative Fuels

Gas-to-liquids processes have the potential to produce a range of useful fuels and chemicals. These include transportation fuels such as gasoline, diesel, and methanol. Producing liquid transportation fuels from natural gas using the Fischer-Tropsch process has been demonstrated on a large scale.

One major benefit of gas-to-liquids fuels is their compatibility with currently existing vehicle technologies and fuel distribution systems. Natural gas-derived gasoline and diesel could be transported through existing pipelines, dispensed at existing fueling stations, and used to fuel today’s gasoline- and diesel-powered vehicles.

Gas-to-liquids fuels can be produced domestically while creating U.S. jobs. Using natural gas to produce transportation fuels would reduce U.S. reliance on imported petroleum and increase energy security. The following are additional potential benefits of gas-to-liquids fuels:

They can be used directly in today’s diesel- and gasoline-powered vehicles.

They are compatible with the current petroleum distribution infrastructure and would not require new or modified pipelines, storage tanks, or retail station pumps.

Tests indicate Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) diesel provides similar or better vehicle performance than conventional diesel.

Gas-to-liquids fuels can be produced using natural gas reserves that are uneconomical to recover using other methods ,

What do we want?

Guess:
Maybe water

· Biodiesel is produced from renewable resources such as vegetable oils and is the only alternative fuel that can potentially be used directly in any existing, unmodified diesel engine. Because of its similar properties, biodiesel can be blended with petroleum diesel fuel.

The biodiesel used in the trials came from a variety of sources, including recycled vegetable oil from local takeaway shops.
Hybrid electric/petrol cars

NSW Government Agencies are required to have 1 per cent of hybrid electric vehicles in their car fleets. The RTA’s 35 Toyota Prius hybrid electric/petrol cars exceed this quota.

Hybrid electric vehicles use up to 50 per cent less fuel than conventionally powered vehicles and produce up to 80 per cent less exhaust emissions. regenerative fuels we need.

The natural greenhouse effect

The natural greenhouse effect is a phenomenon created by the heat energy radiated by the sun and greenhouse gases normally present in the atmosphere. In simple terms, sunlight passes through the atmosphere, warming the Earth. In turn, the Earth radiates this energy back towards space. As it passes through the atmosphere, greenhouse gases (water vapour, carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide) absorb part of the energy, while the remainder escapes into space. This means that some of the sun’s energy becomes trapped – thus making the lower part of the atmosphere, and Earth, warmer.
Energy in balance

If the atmosphere accumulated all the trapped heat, then the Earth’s temperature would just rise and rise, but it doesn’t. The temperature only rises until the amount of infrared or long wave radiation leaving the Earth balances the amount of energy coming in from the sun. As long as the amount of greenhouse gases in the air stays the same, and as long as the amount of heat arriving from the sun is constant, an equilibrium is established. This is a steady state where as much energy is lost to space as is gained from the sun. In equilibrium, the natural greenhouse effect maintains the average temperature of Earth at around 14°C.

The atmosphere is changing

The Earth’s atmosphere is made up of 78 per cent nitrogen and 21 per cent oxygen. Only about 1 per cent is made up of natural greenhouse gases, but this comparatively small amount of gas makes a big difference. Before the Industrial Revolution (which started in England about 200 years ago) the mix of gases that made up the atmosphere was relatively constant. The Industrial Revolution brought new industrial processes, more extensive agriculture, and a rapid increase in the world’s population. This rapid increase in human activity meant that more of the gases which cause the greenhouse effect were released into the atmosphere. We know this because of measurements made over the last 35 years and the analysis of air bubbles trapped in ancient ice. There is now clear evidence that levels of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and halocarbons are increasing (Box 1: Greenhouse gases).

The enhanced greenhouse effect and climate change

Many scientists think that the increasing concentrations of these greenhouse gases has led to an increase in the world’s average temperature. This is called the enhanced greenhouse effect.

While scientists agree that the levels of greenhouse gases are rising, there is less certainty about what the precise effects of this will be. To help them understand these effects, scientists use mathematical models (What is modelling?). These models take account of many processes that together determine the behaviour of the atmosphere (eg, temperature, humidity, wind speed and atmospheric pressure). Many researchers are predicting that the world will get warmer, our planet is under immense pressure with mankind consuming oil & gas. It is overloading our very existence we need to put in place a plan for future generations, now.

We need to follow this professional view.

· 2010
a plan of Action.

· 2020
all carbon and oil plan to reduce carbon level.

· 2030
A strict no carbon fuels document must be prepared. Alternatives must be in place by this date. This is a guide for leaders to follow.

· 2050
No carbon fuels on the road at all to be in use in Australia and in the world. Otherwise, dire consequences will occur with climate change and our way of life will affect generations and mankind.

· 2080
Nil carbon fuels whatsoever. Leaders must take this as a guide for mankind’s future. Think balance and action.

What you can do with me to change the Future?

I’m trying to work with consumers and Government’s and Universities to understand the impact of driving a car’s on the road and killing the environment and us, Mankind, that’s why this has been sourced researched and written.

I hope I can make people aware and I’d be wrong if I said we can’t change views and come up with solutions that’s why I’m writing this Book.

For more information of how you can contribute to a cleaner Environment including Fuel Efficiency ratings as well as the most Environmentally friendly cars as listed below. Choice has also got some good information in this area.

If you like this book email or call me for more copies:

motherearthbalance@gmail.com

www.motherearthbalance.wetpaint.com

Ph: 0416 266 675

The End.

All sources noted:
Greenpeace
Alternative Fuels.com
EPA
CSIRO
Formula 1 website

If we don’t follow this Guide will be in Dire Straits and climate change will become Extreme weather will increase

Over land regions of the world over 3000 monthly station temperature time series are used. Coverage is denser over the more populated parts of the world, particularly, the United States, southern Canada, Europe and Japan. Coverage is sparsest over the interior of the South American and African continents and over the Antarctic. The number of available stations was small during the 1850s, but increases to over 3000 stations during the 1951-90 period. For marine regions sea surface temperature (SST) measurements taken on board merchant and some naval vessels are used. As the majority come from the voluntary observing fleet, coverage is reduced away from the main shipping lanes and is minimal over the Southern Oceans. Maps/tables giving the density of coverage through time are given for land regions by Jones and Moberg (2003) and for the oceans by Rayner et al. (2003). Both these sources also extensively discuss the issue of consistency and homogeneity of the measurements through time and the steps that have made to ensure all non-climatic inhomogeneities have been removed.

Why are sea surface temperatures rather than air temperatures used over the oceans?

Over the ocean areas the most plentiful and most consistent measurements of temperature have been taken of the sea surface. Marine air temperatures (MAT) are also taken and would, ideally, be preferable when combining with land temperatures, but they involve more complex problems with homogeneity than SSTs (Rayner et al., 2003). The problems are reduced using night only marine air temperature (NMAT) but at the expense of discarding approximately half the MAT data. Our use of SST anomalies implies that we are tacitly assuming that the anomalies of SST are in agreement with those of MAT. Many tests show that NMAT anomalies agree well with SST anomalies on seasonal and longer time scales in most open ocean areas. Globally the agreement is currently very good (Rayner et al, 2003), even better than in Folland et al. (2001b). However, some regional discrepancies in open ocean trends have recently been found in the tropics (Christy et al., 2001).

Why are the temperatures expressed as anomalies from 1961-90?

Stations on land are at different elevations, and different countries estimate average monthly temperatures using different methods and formulae. To avoid biases that could result from these problems, monthly average temperatures are reduced to anomalies from the period with best coverage (1961-90). For stations to be used, an estimate of the base period average must be calculated. Because many stations do not have complete records for the 1961-90 period several methods have been developed to estimate 1961-90 averages from neighbouring records or using other sources of data. Over the oceans, where observations are generally made from mobile platforms, it is impossible to assemble long series of actual temperatures for fixed points. However it is possible to interpolate historical data to create spatially complete reference climatologies (averages for 1961-90) so that individual observations can be compared with a local normal for the given day of the year.

Why do anomalies not average exactly zero over 1961-90?

Over both the land and marine domains considerable care has been taken in calculating the base period values for the 1961-90 period. However, as all regions don’t have complete data for this 30-year period, the anomaly data do not average exactly to zero for this 30-year period. This also applies to the global and hemispheric average series as well as the individual grid-box series. However, the IPCC optimally averaged global and hemispheric time series (see later web address) are constrained to have anomalies that average to zero over 1961-90.

How are the land and marine data combined?

Both the component parts (land and marine) are separately interpolated to the same 5° x 5° latitude/longitude grid boxes. The combined versions (HadCRUT3 and HadCRUT3v) take values from each component and weight the grid boxes where both occur (coastlines and islands). The weighting method is described in detail in Jones et al. (2001). Land temperature anomalies are infilled where more than four of the surrounding eight 5° x 5° grid boxes are present, as discussed in Jones et al. (2001). Infilling doesn’t take place when the box is ocean, except when it covered by sea ice based on 1961-90 average conditions.

How accurate are the hemispheric and global averages?

Annual values are approximately accurate to +/- 0.05°C (two standard errors) for the period since 1951. They are about four times as uncertain during the 1850s, with the accuracy improving gradually between 1860 and 1950 except for temporary deteriorations during data-sparse, wartime intervals. Estimating accuracy is a far from a trivial task as the individual grid-boxes are not independent of each other and the accuracy of each grid-box time series varies through time (although the variance adjustment has reduced this influence to a large extent). The issue is discussed extensively by Folland et al. (2001a,b) and Jones et al. (1997). Both Folland et al. (2001a,b) references extend discussion to the estimate of accuracy of trends in the global and hemispheric series, including the additional uncertainties related to homogeneity corrections.

In the hemispheric files averages are now given to a precision of three decimal places to enable seasonal values to be calculated to ±0.01°C. The extra precision implies no greater accuracy than two decimal places.

Why do global and hemispheric temperature anomalies differ from those quoted in the IPCC assessment and the media?

We have areally averaged grid-box temperature anomalies (using the HadCRUT3v dataset), with weighting according to the area of each 5° x 5° grid box, into hemispheric values; we then averaged these two values to create the global-average anomaly. However, the global and hemispheric anomalies used by IPCC and in the World Meteorological Organization and Met Office news releases were calculated using optimal averaging. This technique uses information on how temperatures at each location co-vary, to weight the data to take best account of areas where there are no observations at a given time. The method uses the same basic information (i.e. in future HadCRUT3v and subsequent improvements), along with the data-coverage and the measurement and sampling errors, to estimate uncertainties on the global and hemispheric average anomalies. The more elementary technique (used here) produces no estimates of uncertainties, but our results generally lie within the ranges estimated by optimum averaging. The constraint that the average be zero over 1961-90 in the optimal averages also adds a small offset compared to the other data described here

……What will Happen in the Artic.

A summer ice-free Arctic wasn’t due for another 50 to 70 years under the worst-case climate change scenarios examined by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

“Things are happening much faster in the Arctic. I think it will be summer ice-free by 2015,” said David Barber, an Arctic climatologist at the University of Manitoba.

Such a “dramatic and serious loss of sea ice will affect everyone on the planet,” Barber told IPS.

Barber spent much of last winter on a Canadian research icebreaker, the Amundsen, in the Arctic Ocean as leader of a 40-million-dollar ice research project. Scientists expected the Amundsen to be frozen in place for many months during the harsh Arctic winter, when there is no sunlight and temperatures plunge to -50 degrees C. Instead the ship stayed mobile as the normally impenetrable ice was thin and weak.

“The ocean held a lot heat from the summer of 2007 when ice reached its record-breaking minimum,” Barber said.

That additional heat delayed the formation of winter ice by two months in some places. It also resulted in more storms, windier conditions and much more snow, he said. These are entirely new conditions for the region, noting that the additional snow acts as an insulator, keeping the sea ice warmer which prevents it from becoming thicker.

And if the winter ice cover is thin, then it will melt faster and over a larger area in summer, opening up more water to the heat of the sun in what is called a positive feedback loop.

By May of this year there was open water many weeks ahead of normal, exposing the cold water to heat of the sun earlier than ever, Barber said.

During summer 2007, the polar ice cap lost 30 percent to 40 percent of its ice, a record 2.6 million square kilometres less ice than the summer average minimum. The 2008 summer ice loss did not challenge 2007 for the record but was still much less than the average. Scientists believe the remaining ice was thinner than normal, setting the stage for another major melt in 2009.

Ice ruled the Arctic for a long time, but that is changing with the opening up of areas of the ocean that have never been exposed to sunlight, said Kevin Arrigo, a marine biologist at Stanford University.

Sunlight means life and Arrigo and colleagues have measured an astonishing 300 percent increase in growth of phytoplankton in parts of the Arctic Ocean. “There has been a big change in the carbon cycle even though most thought the Arctic system was too nutrient limited,” Arrigo told conference attendees.

Phytoplankton are microscopic green plants which operate in the top 100 to 200 metres of the ocean and they need nutrients such as phosphorus, nitrogen, iron and silicon at the surface. It turns out that all the Arctic needed is more sunlight to switch to a more productive ocean.

Phytoplankton also remove large amounts of carbon from the upper ocean. Arrigo estimates that the increased amounts of phytoplankton may take 14 gigatonnes of additional carbon out of the Arctic system every year.

“If this continues we’re going to see huge changes in the Arctic ecosystem,” he said.

It will be of little benefit in reducing atmospheric carbon levels since that is less than 1 percent of the annual emissions from burning fossil fuels.

The effects of the summer warming large parts of the once-permanent frozen Arctic ocean ice is felt as far as 1,500 km inland, according to a study led by David Lawrence at the National Centre for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado.

Using computer models, they found that the rapid ice loss in summer showed a 3.5-fold acceleration in land surface temperatures in the Western Arctic likely triggering a rapid degradation in permafrost. And that the warming extends up to 1,500 km inland from the ocean itself.

Permafrost is largely permanently frozen peatlands that cover much of the northern areas of Canada, Alaska and Russia. They contain more than twice the amount of carbon currently in the atmosphere, based on a new study published in September by Ted Schuur, an ecologist at the University of Florida.

Burning of fossil fuels contributes about 8.5 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide each year, but the permafrost holds more than 1,670 billion tonnes. “It’s bigger than we thought,” Schuur said in a release.

He estimates that thawing permafrost could add 0.8 to 1.1 billion tonnes per year in the future – almost as much as deforestation currently adds. Ominously, carbon from melting permafrost is not included in climate models.

There is now an Arctic network of specialists who are carefully monitoring permafrost temperatures thanks to funding from the International Polar Year global research effort, Nikolay Shiklomanov, a permafrost researcher at the University of Delaware, told participants. Hundreds of holes are being drilled in the permafrost regions and new low-cost temperature measuring equipment will be in place in some, providing an avalanche of data.

Unfortunately, in countries such as Canada, there is little historical data nor were there many measurement stations. Data from Alaska and Siberia goes back more than 20 years, and both have found large temperature increases at the southern parts of their respective permafrost regions. And the warming has been measured 30 or 40 meters deep, said Shiklomanov.

The Arctic ecosystem is likely shifting into a new regime, said Paul Wassmann, an oceanographer at University of Scotland and Norway
paul said the thumb screw is turned climate change is our failing mankind
the artic circle will never be the same as it once was,
csiro.
Preparing for the Impacts of Climate Change
By understanding the potential impacts of climate change, and identifying ways to adapt, Australia can reduce the economic and social costs and seize emerging opportunities. The Image The Links Alt Text TeaserText
/science/Industries-Transforming.html Photo of a signpost with three alternative signs reading: Success, Risk and Opportunity. Storm clouds and landscape in the background. Photo copyright iStockphoto.com/LockieCurrie Looking to transform your primary industries business or community in response to climate change? Let us know.
/partnerships/seqcari.html A picture of a Gold Coast beach and buildings. Assessing south-east Queensland’s vulnerability to climate change, and developing strategies for the region to adapt.
/resources/CAF-working-papers.html Hand holding dirt Sharing CSIRO’s current ‘work-in-progress’ on the science of adapting to climate change.
/science/Marine-Climate-Adaptation.html Reef fish Identifying how climate change will affect Australia’s oceans, and how we can respond to these changes.

Looking to transform your primary industries business or community in response to climate change? Let us know.Adapting industries to climate change

SEQ Adaptation Research Initiative

Climate Change working paper series

Climate change and the marine environment
Cutting Australia’s emissions is a major national undertaking that involves households, companies, communities and governments.

Mitigation efforts over the next few decades will have a large influence on whether greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere can be stabilised at a level low enough to reduce the risk of more serious climate change impacts.

CLimate Change

With the was our consuming society is structured climate change is due to mans greed, major climate change contributers are ( Industry,( power by coal energy, (oil, (gas, (petrol are all contributers cars (Cars, (trucks, (planes, powered by fossil fuels , although steel is our most recyclable product on the planet, we cant get away from mass production of fossil fueled motor transport in 2010 we are still seeing no commercial awareness by media or Governments, or motor industry , or fuel giants to slow fossil fuel and mass pr

A Guide For the Future (CARS STEAL HEAVENS HIGHWAYS)

Author Andrew j Bohman

Asia Pacific Sydney Australia, Australia

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a guide

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