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Work started on Kingston Buci (Shoreham) lighthouse in 1842 when it was decided to update the many fishing station beacons, normally red and green lanterns. Two lanterns near the lift at Marina Parade, Brighton, can still be seen.
The stone used in construction is limestone which came from three identifiable quarries: Lewes Valley, Portland and, for special sections, (i.e. the outer lantern walkway, the door lintel and the base blocks) from Caen. It should be noted that, at the time of the construction, Lancing College was being built with Lewes Valley and Portland lime-stone, and the builders were local stonemasons under the supervision of the Trinity House Brethren’s agents and Trinity House accounts show that the stone was available locally !!
The lintel has a date of 1846 which was when the light was first used.
The first lantern was fixed oil-burning but quickly changed to a rotating globe with screens. The rotation was powered in the same manner as used to drive a long case clock.
Gas was laid in Brighton Road in 1880 and around that date a new gas lantern was fitted, this time with dioptric prisms to intensify the light. The winding device was located below the lantern and involved a man first climbing 54 stairs each evening, twice during the long cold winter nights, and then winding a 281b. weight up the full height of the tower. The lighting was a single gas mantle. With minor modifications, this continued until 1952 when the gas mantle was removed, the lantern fixed and electricity used! UK