Lili'uokalani

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Small (2.4" x 3.8")

$2.47
cynicmunchkin

Joined February 2018

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Sizing Information

Small
2.4" x 3.8"

Features

  • Removable, individually die-cut vinyl
  • Ideal for smooth flat surfaces like laptops, journals, windows, etc.
  • 1/8th of an inch white border around each design

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Artist's Description

In exile, Liliuokalani advocated for a free Hawaii until her death in 1917 at the age of 79.

Liliuokalani Was Deposed Through a U.S.-Backed Coup

As American sugar and pineapple business interests grew on the Hawaiian islands, American settlers and businessmen wanted more control over the kingdom. In 1887, when David Kalakaua still reigned, he was forced to sign a new constitution by an armed militia controlled by the Hawaiian League, a group of lawyers and businessmen. That constitution called the “Bayonet Constitution” transferred much of the monarchy’s power to the legislature, which was elected with voting restrictions favoring non-Hawaiians. When Liliuokalani ascended to the throne, she refused to honor the 1887 constitution and proposed a constitution giving more power back to the monarchy. That was too much for Dole and the Americans. In January 1893, a “Committee of Safety” gathered near the queen’s Iolani palace. Stevens ordered 300 marines from the U.S.S. Boston to protect the committee, giving the U.S. government’s unofficial stamp of approval to the coup. To avoid bloodshed, Liliuokalani surrendered to the militia.

The U.S. Staged a Faux Invasion of Hawaii

Soon after the coup, Grover Cleveland, an anti-imperialist, became president of the United States. He supported the restoration of the queen and was opposed to an annexation bill moving through Congress. He ordered a report on the overthrow, popularly called the Blount Report, and tried to start negotiations to put the queen back on the throne. Those negotiations fell through. To press the matter, the U.S. warships Corwin, Adams and Philadelphia steamed to Hawaii, aiming guns at Honolulu. Tensions rose as marines made preparations for a landing on the decks of the ships in public view, resulting in the so-called “The Black Week.” But the landing was just a bluff. Instead of continuing the push for annexation by the U.S., the coup leaders established the Republic of Hawaii with Dole as its president. They waited out the Cleveland administration, and in 1898, under William McKinley, the U.S. officially annexed Hawaii when the Spanish American War convinced Congress of the utility of having a Pacific naval base at Pearl Harbor.

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