Camera: Canon EOS 400D, Lens: @50mm, ISO: 200, Aperture: f11, Shutter: 1/200
This image is looking across towards Whitby Abbey, a ruined Benedictine abbey overlooking the North Sea on the East Cliff above Whitby in North Yorkshire, England. It was disestablished during the Dissolution of the Monasteries under the auspices of Henry VIII, and is a Grade I Listed building in the care of English Heritage. Whitby is situated 47 miles (76 km) from York, at the mouth of the River Esk and spreads up the steep sides of the narrow valley carved out by the river’s course. At this point the coast curves round, so the town faces more north than east. Whitby was founded under its Old English name of Streonshal in 656, when Oswy, the Christian king of Northumbria, founded Whitby Abbey, under its first abbess Hilda. The Synod of Whitby was held here in 664. In 867, the monastery was destroyed by Viking raiders, and was only refounded in 1078. It was in this period that the town gained its current name, Whitby, (from “white settlement” in Old Norse). In the 18th century Whitby became a centre for shipbuilding and whaling, as well as trade in alum and jet. It is also the prot where Captain James Cook began his seagoing career. Tourism and fishing now form the mainstay of the town’s economy.