Chicken

CatholicSaints

Marysville, United States

  • Available
    Products
    50
  • Artist
    Notes

Apparel

Cases & Skins

Wall Art

Home Decor

Bags

Stationery

Artist's Description

Since antiquity chickens have been, and still are, a sacred animal in some cultures.

Deeply embedded belief systems and religious worship are often included in the devotion.

The term “Persian bird” for the cock appears to have been given by the Greeks after Persian contact “because of his great importance and his religious use among the Persians”.

In Indonesia the chicken has great significance during the Hindu cremation ceremony.

A chicken is considered a channel for evil spirits which may be present during the ceremony.

A chicken is tethered by the leg and kept present at the ceremony for its duration to ensure that any evil spirits present go into the chicken and not the family members.

The chicken is then taken home and returns to its normal life.

In ancient Greece, the chicken was not normally used for sacrifices.

Because of its valor, the cock is found as an attribute of Ares, Heracles, and Athena.

The alleged last words of Socrates as he died from hemlock poisoning, as recounted by Plato, were “Crito, I owe a cock to Asclepius; will you remember to pay the debt?”, signifying that death was a cure for the illness of life.

The Greeks believed that even lions were afraid of roosters. Several of Aesop’s Fables reference this belief.

In the New Testament, Jesus prophesied the betrayal by Peter: “Jesus answered, ‘I tell you, Peter, before the rooster crows today, you will deny three times that you know me.’”

It happened, and Peter cried bitterly. This made the rooster a symbol for both vigilance and betrayal.

Earlier, Jesus compares himself to a mother hen when talking about Jerusalem: “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you who kill the prophets and stone those sent to you, how often I have longed to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but you were not willing.”

In the sixth century, Pope Gregory I declared the rooster the emblem of Christianity and another Papal enactment of the ninth century by Pope Nicholas ordered the figure of the rooster to be placed on every church steeple.

In many Central European folk tales, the devil is believed to flee at the first crowing of a rooster.

In traditional Jewish practice, a kosher animal is swung around the head and then slaughtered on the afternoon before Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, in a ritual called kapparos; it is now common practice to cradle the bird and move it around the head.

A chicken or fish is typically used because it is commonly available (and small enough to hold).

The sacrifice of the animal is to receive atonement, for the animal symbolically takes on all the person’s sins in kapparos.

The meat is then donated to the poor.

A woman brings a hen for the ceremony, while a man brings a rooster.

Although not a sacrifice in the biblical sense, the death of the animal reminds the penitent sinner that his or her life is in God’s hands.

The Talmud speaks of learning “courtesy toward one’s mate” from the rooster.

This might refer to the fact that when a rooster finds something good to eat, he calls his hens to eat first.

The Talmud likewise provides us with the statement "Had the Torah not been given to us, we would have learned modesty from cats, honest toil from ants, chastity from doves and gallantry from cocks.

Which may be further understood as to that of the gallantry of cocks being taken in the context of a religious instilling vessel of “a girt one of the loins” that which is “stately in his stride” and “move with stately bearing” in the Book of Proverbs 30:29-31.

The chicken is one of the Zodiac symbols of the Chinese calendar. In Chinese folk religion, a cooked chicken as a religious offering is usually limited to ancestor veneration and worship of village deities.

Vegetarian deities such as the Buddha are not recipients of such offerings.

Under some observations, an offering of chicken is presented with “serious” prayer (while roasted pork is offered during a joyous celebration). In Confucian Chinese weddings, a chicken can be used as a substitute for one who is seriously ill or not available (e.g., sudden death) to attend the ceremony.

A red silk scarf is placed on the chicken’s head and a close relative of the absent bride/groom holds the chicken so the ceremony may proceed. However, this practice is rare today.

A cockatrice was supposed to have been born from an egg laid by a rooster, as well as killed by a rooster’s call.

desktop tablet-landscape content-width tablet-portrait workstream-4-across phone-landscape phone-portrait
desktop tablet-landscape content-width tablet-portrait workstream-4-across phone-landscape phone-portrait

10% off

for joining the Redbubble mailing list

Receive exclusive deals and awesome artist news and content right to your inbox. Free for your convenience.