Bear

CatholicSaints

Marysville, United States

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Artist's Description

Sun Bear – Ursus malayanus –Body length: 120-150cm,

Weight: female 27-50kg, male 27-65kg.

They are the smallest species of bear.

Sun bears have short black/dark brown water-repellent fur, with a yellow crescent on their chest.

They have strong paws with naked soles and long sickle-shaped claws.

They have flexible snouts and very long tongues, which are an adaptation for extracting termites from nests.

Relatively(to their size), they have the largest canines of all the bear species.

Canine teeth are specialised for tearing meat, but sun bears are not particularly carnivorous.

They may use their sharp canines as weapons or as tools for tearing at trees to get at insects.

Sun bears live in south east Asia: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam.

Panda Bear – Ailuropoda melanoleuca Length: 5 ft (1.5m) (with a 6 inch(.2m)tail).

Weight: Around 250 lbs (113 kg) (males); around 220 lbs (100 kg) (females).

The giant panda is a rare, endangered and elusive bear. Science used to believe that the giant panda was a member of the raccoon family.

With DNA analyses science proved itself wrong.

The giant panda and the red panda are not related.

Giant pandas are famous for their love of bamboo, a diet so nutritionally poor that the pandas have to consume up to 20kg each day.

The extra digit on the panda’s hand helps them to tear the bamboo and their gut is covered with a thick layer of mucus to protect against splinters.

Habitat loss is the greatest cause of the giant panda’s decline, and today their range is restricted to six separate mountain ranges in western China.

A giant panda is born pink, hairless, blind and 1/900th the size of its mother.

Unlike other bears, giant pandas do not hibernate.

In the winter, they move to lower elevations to keep warm, while traveling to higher elevations in the summer to stay cool.

They can be active at any time of the day or night.

Asiatic black bear, Himalayan black bear, moon bear –Ursus thibetanus

Asiatic black bears have long black fur with a distinct white patch on the chest that is often crescent-shaped.

The fur around the shoulders and throat is particularly long, and their ears are relatively large.

Asiatic black bears live in eastern Asia, including Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Islamic Republic of Iran, Japan, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Taiwan and Vietnam.

Asiatic black bears are more carnivorous than their American counterparts, although only a small part of their diet is made up of meat.

This includes small mammals, birds, fish, molluscs and carcasses. They also feed on grasses, fruits, berries, seeds, insects and honey.

In autumn they fatten up for the winter by feeding on nuts.

In northern climates they hibernate. In southern climates they do not hibernate.

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