ST PETER AND ST PAUL under GLASS

CatholicSaints

Marysville, United States

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SAINT PETER the Apostle

“The keeper of the keys of the Kingdom”

Simon Peter was the son of John, from the village of Bethsaida in the province of Galilee. He was the brother of Andrew the apostle, and himself chief of the apostles, after having been bishop of the church of Antioch and having preached to the Dispersion – the believers in circumcision, in Pontus, Galatia,

From Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia he pushed on to Rome in the second year of Claudius to over-throw Simon Magus, and held the sacerdotal chair there for twenty-five years until the last, that is the fourteenth, year of Nero.

At his hands he received the crown of martyrdom being nailed to the cross with his head towards the ground and his feet raised on high, asserting that he was unworthy to be crucified in the same manner as his Lord.

He wrote two epistles which are called Catholic, the second of which, on account of its difference from the first in style, is considered by many not to be by him.

Then too the Gospel according to Mark, who was his disciple and interpreter, is ascribed to him.

On the other hand, the books, of which one is entitled his Acts, another his Gospel, a third his Preaching, a fourth his Revelation, a fifth his “Judgment” are rejected as apocryphal.

Buried at Rome in the Vatican near the triumphal way he is venerated by the whole world.

Saint Peter is the patron Saint of bakers, bridge builders, butchers, clock makers, cobblers, fishermen, locksmiths, and stone-masons.

SAINT PAUL the Apostle

Paul, formerly called Saul, an apostle outside the number of the twelve apostles, was of the tribe of Benjamin and the town of Giscalis in Judea.

When this was taken by the Romans he removed with his parents to Tarsus in Cilicia.

He was then sent by them to Jerusalem to study law and was educated by Gamaliel, a most learned man whom Luke mentions.

But after he had been present at the death of the martyr Stephen and had received letters from the high priest of the temple for the persecution of those who believed in Christ, he proceeded to Damascus,

Here, constrained to faith by a revelation, as it is written in the Acts of the apostles, he was transformed from a persecutor into an elect vessel

As Sergius Paulus Proconsul of Cyprus was the first to believe on his preaching, he took his name from him because he had subdued him to faith in Chris.

Having been joined by Barnabas, after traversing many cities, he returned to Jerusalem and was ordained apostle to the Gentiles by Peter, James and John.
A full account of his life is given in the Acts of the Apostles, and in his twenty-fifth year after our Lord’s passion, at the time when Fetus Procurator of Judea succeeded Felix, He was sent bound to Rome.

Here remaining for two years in free custody, he disputed daily with the Jews concerning the advent of Christ.

At this time the power of Nero had not yet been confirmed, nor his wickedness broken forth to such a degree as the histories relate.

Paul was dismissed by Nero, that the gospel of Christ might be preached also in the West.

As he himself writes in the second epistle to Timothy, at the time when he was about to be put to death dictating his epistle as he did while in chains; "At my first defense no one took my part, but all forsook me: may it not be laid to their account.

But the Lord stood by me and strengthened me; that through me the message might be fully proclaimed and that all the Gentiles might hear, and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion" perhaps indicating Nero as lion on account of his cruelty.

Directly following he says “The Lord delivered me from the month of the lion” and again shortly “The Lord delivered me from every evil work and saved me unto his heavenly kingdom,” for indeed he felt within himself that his martyrdom was near at hand.

In the same epistle he announced "for I am already being offered and the time of my departure is at hand.

" He then, in the fourteenth year of Nero on the same day with Peter, was beheaded at Rome for Christ’s sake and was buried in the Ostian way, the twenty-seventh year after our Lord’s passion.

He wrote nine epistles to seven churches: to the Romans one, to the Corinthians two, to the Galatians one, to the Ephesians one, to the Philippians one, to the Colossians one, to the Thessalonians two; and besides these to his disciples, to Timothy two, to Titus one, to Philemon one.

The epistle which is called the Epistle to the Hebrews is not considered his, on due to its difference from the others in style and language.

It is reckoned, either according to Tertullian to be the work of Barnabas, or according to others, to be by Luke the Evangelist or Clement afterwards bishop of the church at Rome.

It is thought Clement, arranged and adorned the ideas of Paul in his own language, though to be sure, since Paul was writing to Hebrews and was in disrepute among them he may have omitted his name from the salvation.

He being a Hebrew wrote Hebrew, that is his own tongue and most fluently while the things which were eloquently written in Hebrew were more eloquently turned into Greek and this is the reason why it seems to differ from other epistles of Paul.

Some read one also to the Laodiceans, but it is rejected by everyone.

Saint Paul is the patron saint of authors, journalists, musicians, publishers, reporters, writers

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