Boat in Sandwich harbour, Kent, UK
Taken with Canon s90
Blended in various modes with my own texture (a photo of the stonework of the historic Fisher Gate in Sandwich), and added contrast with colour curves in PS Elements.
Sandwich was one of the original cinque (The name is Norman French for five) ports. The 5 towns that made up the cinque ports (pronounced sink in England) were Hastings, New Romney, Hythe, Dover, and Sandwich.
These were effectively self governing areas of the country. See below from Wiki……
A Royal Charter of 1155 established the ports to maintain ships ready for the Crown in case of need. In return the towns received:-
“Exemption from tax and tallage, Right of soc and sac,
tol and team, blodwit and fledwit, pillory and tumbril,
infangentheof and outfangentheof, mundbryce,
waives and strays, flotsam and jetsam and ligan”
(Exemption from tax and tolls; self-government;
permission to levy tolls, punish those who shed blood or flee justice, punish minor offences,
detain and execute criminals both inside and outside the port’s jurisdiction, and punish breaches of the peace;
and possession of lost goods that remain unclaimed after a year, goods thrown overboard, and floating wreckage.)
The leeway given to the Cinque Ports, and the turning of a blind eye to misbehaviour, led to smuggling, though of course common everywhere at this time becoming more or less one of the dominant industries.
A significant factor in the need to maintain the authority of the Cinque Ports by the King was the development of the Royal Navy.
Thanks to everyone who visits & comments on my work
Due to time constraints I’ve decided that I’ll not spend time just saying individual thanks when someone comments on my work. Far better I feel to spend time looking at their portfolio & enjoying & commenting on their work, by way of thanks for visting & commenting on my work.
Of course I’ll say thank you to our hardworking hosts when featured, and sometimes you just have to answer a question, but apart from that I’m in silent mode.