Mode 2 knowledge

Mode 1 knowledge could be seen as the old school concept of knowledge. Perhaps seen as the more traditional way of gaining knowledge, Mode 1 methods include such activities as academic schooling where if one reads it in print it is so. Mode 1 is more exclusive in handing out credentials for what is considered to be knowledge. For example one must complete ‘x’ amount of units to receive a university degree. Once one receives that credential one is then recognised in society as being educated and placed above those who are not even though they may not have retained the knowledge or fully understood it. Mode 1 is hierarchical placing those with institutional higher education above those with work, travel and life experience. One department would normally work on a project alone then send it off to another department.

Mode 2 knowledge is far more accepting in its approach of what constitutes knowledge. Mode 2 gives more credit to experienced based learning and acknowledges the value of alternative ways of acquiring knowledge. These could include travelling, diverse work experience and life experiences in general. In Mode 2 knowledge based environment a more collaborative approach is taken drawing on peoples transdisciplinary attributes and inviting workers from various fields to be involved in a project. It is exciting to see the emergence of this new way of thinking and accepting a wider range of sources of knowledge. Degrees such as BCE focus on minimising the gap between theory and practice by incorporating work placements in to the higher education experience. Mode 1 knowledge is still an important part of our society but Mode 2 knowledge is more accepting of blending traditional means of acquiring knowledge with more alternative ways also. Mode 2 appears to be a more flexible way of learning.

Mode 2 knowledge opens up many doors for those pursuing a career in creative industries. Society and therefore employers will be more accepting of candidates who may have a wide range of previous work experiences on their resumes. Once this was seen to be a sign of instability and unreliability where under a Mode 2 approach it could be seen as an asset. Transdisciplinary candidates bring more to the table in that they are multi skilled and more willing to take on quite general job descriptions. This is great for employers because they can get more value out of their employees and it is also great for workers allowing them the opportunity to experience more variety in their daily work. This adds to ones skill set and increases their knowledge of their industry or possible several industries. It is no longer uncommon for people to have major changes in their professions several times in their working lives. Mode 2 embraces this change whereas Mode 1 frowned upon it.

An analogy could be made between Mode 1 and Mode 2 and Western and Eastern medicine. Though they both have their merits when one is free to explore the benefits of both practices one can only have more options and opportunities.

Journal Comments

  • germansaravanja
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