Bob Culshaw

Westgate on Sea, United Kingdom

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Wall Art

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Artist's Description

The original HDR image of Honfleur was taken in June 2007. Fuji Finepix S9500. 3 RAW images bracketed -2,0.+2 EV’s, processed in Photomatix Pro and finished in CS3.


I have added layers and textures to create this image.

759 views, 31 favouritings and 10 Features at 1st November 2011

Featured in Artists of Red Bubble Group 23rd October 2009

Featured in Textures Unlimited Group 24th October 2009

Featured in Eric and Jen’s Eyes Group 7th November 2009

Featured in ‘Collage and Landscape’ Group 7th December 2009

Featured in ‘The Male Photographer’ Group 9th December 2009

*_Featured in ‘Altered by Design’ Group 29th January 2010

Featured in ‘Citiscapes and Skylines’ Group 1st November 2010

Featured in ‘Atmospheric Land and Seascapes’ Group 3rd November 2010

Featured in the ‘Mysteries of the Past and Present’ Group August 2011

Featured in the ‘Grunge it Up’ Group September 2011

Featured in the ‘Art Universe’ Group October 2011

Honfleur is a commune in the Norman département of Calvados in France, located on the southern bank of the estuary of the Seine, very close to the exit of the Pont de Normandie.
The first written mention of Honfleur is a reference by Richard III, duke of Normandy, in 1027. By the middle of the 12th century, the city represented a significant transit point for goods from Rouen to England.

Located on the estuary of one of the principal rivers of France with a safe harbour and relatively rich hinterland, Honfleur profited from its strategic position from the start of the Hundred Years’ War. The town’s defences were strengthened by Charles V in order to protect the estuary of the Seine from attacks from the English. This was supported by the nearby port of Harfleur. However, Honfleur was taken and occupied by the English in 1357 and from 1419 to 1450. When under French control, raiding parties often set out from the port to ransack the English coasts, including partially destroying of the town of Sandwich, in Kent, England, in the 1450s.

At the end Hundred Years’ War, Honfleur benefited from the boom in maritime trade until the end of the 18th century. Trade was disturbed during the wars of religion in the 16th century. The port saw the departure of a number of explorers, in particular in 1503 of Binot Paulmierde Gonneville to the coasts of Brazil. In 1506, Honfleurais Jean Denis departed to Newfoundland island and the mouth of the Saint Lawrence. An expedition in 1608, organised by Samuel de Champlain, founded the city of Quebec in modern day Canada.
After 1608, Honfleur thrived on trade with Canada, the Antilles, the African coasts and the Azores. As a result the town was one of the five principal ports for the slave trade in France. During this time the rapid growth of the town saw the demolition of its fortifications on the orders of Colbert.

The wars of the French revolution and the First Empire,and in particular the continental blockade,caused the ruin of Honfleur. It only partially recovered during the 19th century with the trading of wood from northern Europe. Trade was however limited by the silting up of the entrance to the port and development of the modern port at Le Havre. The port however still functions today.

Artwork Comments

  • Anna Shaw
  • Bob Culshaw
  • Brenda Dow
  • Bob Culshaw
  • PhilPEngland
  • Bob Culshaw
  • Irene  Burdell
  • Bob Culshaw
  • toby snelgrove  IPA
  • Bob Culshaw
  • Kelvin Hughes
  • Bob Culshaw
  • Svetlana Sewell
  • RicAlexander
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  • pat gamwell
  • Bob Culshaw
  • netmonk
  • Bob Culshaw
desktop tablet-landscape content-width tablet-portrait workstream-4-across phone-landscape phone-portrait
desktop tablet-landscape content-width tablet-portrait workstream-4-across phone-landscape phone-portrait

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