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Béla Török

Budapest, Hungary

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Artist's Description

Brugge, Belgium
Starting around 1500, the Zwin channel, which had given the city its prosperity, also started silting. The city soon fell behind Antwerp as the economic flagship of the Low Countries. During the 17th century, the lace industry took off, and various efforts to bring back the glorious past were made. During the 1650s, the city was the base for Charles II of England and his court in exile. The maritime infrastructure was modernized, and new connections with the sea were built, but without much success. Bruges became impoverished and gradually disappeared from the picture, with its population dwindling from 200,000 to 50,000 by the end of the 1800s.

The symbolist novelist George Rodenbach even made the sleepy city into a character in his novel Bruges-la-Morte, meaning “Bruges-the-dead”, which was adapted into Erich Wolfgang Korngold’s opera, Die tote Stadt (The Dead City). In the last half of the 19th century, Bruges became one of the world’s first tourist destinations attracting wealthy British and French tourists. Only in the second half of the 20th century has the city started to reclaim some of its past glory. The port of Zeebrugge was built in 1907. The Germans used it for their U-boats in World War I. It was greatly expanded in the 1970s and early 1980s and has become one of Europe’s most important and modern ports. International tourism has boomed, and new efforts have resulted in Bruges being designated ‘European Capital of Culture’ in 2002.

Artwork Comments

  • Martina Fagan
  • RichardIsik
  • kathy s gillentine
  • lianne
  • Gene Walls
  • Tom Gomez
  • itsallgoodamanda
  • Beve Brown-Clark
  • LynEvans
  • AniaR
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