Maple Heights, United States

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Artist's Description

9×12 watercolor enhanced colored pencil on Arches satin finish watercolor paper. Original available.

As of 12-13-18, 2446 views and 16 favorited.

FEATURES: Shameless Self-Promotion; Midwestern United States Art & Photography; CROPS & HARVESTS; Bubbling Artists; ALL GOD’S CREATURES;

History 300 BC: Pastoral nomads from Central Asia arrived with their cattle in the river Ems / middle arm of the Rhine area.

100 BC: A displaced group of people from Hesse, migrated with their cattle to the shores of the North Sea near the Friesians, occupying the island of Batavia, between the Rhine, Maas and Waal. Historical records suggest these cattle were black; and that the Friesian cattle at this time were “pure white and light coloured”. Crossbreeding may have led to the foundation of the present Holstein-Friesian breed, as the cattle of these two tribes from then on appear identical in historical records.

The portion of the country bordering on the North Sea was called Frisia, situated within the provinces of North Holland, Friesland and Groningen and in Germany to the river Ems. The people were known for their care and breeding of cattle.

The Friesians, preferring pastoral pursuits to warfare, paid a tax of ox hides and ox horns to the Roman government, whereas the Batavians furnished soldiers and officers to the Roman army; these fought successfully in the various Roman wars. The Friesians were thus able to breed the same strain of cattle unadulterated for two thousand years, except from accidental circumstances.

1282: Floods produced the Zuider Zee, separating the cattle breeders into two groups. The western group occupied West Friesland, now part of North Holland; the eastern, the present provinces of Friesland and Groningen.

The rich Polder land in the Netherlands is unsurpassed for the production of grass, cattle and dairy products. Between the thirteenth and sixteenth centuries, the production of butter and cheese was enormous, and history tells of the existence of remarkably heavy meat cattle, weighing from twenty-six hundred to three thousand pounds.

The aim was to produce as much milk and beef as possible from the same animal, and selection, breeding and feeding have been carried out with huge success. Inbreeding was not tolerated, and (distinct) families never arose, although differences in soil in different localities produced different sizes and variations. (info from Wikipedia)

  • Complete 01-13-2008 in 7.58 hours spread over 6 days

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bbk02400 bull cattle cow domestic farm

Artwork Comments

  • Anita Inverarity
  • BarbBarcikKeith
  • pat oubridge
  • Lensman2008
  • SusanEWard
  • JaniceMachado
  • supernan
  • shanghaiwu
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  • WildestArt
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