The Sphinx and Khafre’s Pyramid

Roddy Atkinson

Glasgow, United Kingdom

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Though Khafre’s pyramid is shorter than his father Khufu’s nearby Great Pyramid, Khafre made up for it by building at a higher elevation and surrounding his pyramid with a more elaborate complex.

Within the burial chamber, explorers discovered a small pit cut in the floor—perhaps designed to hold the first canopic chest in a pyramid. Canopic chests held jars carved in the shapes of protective spirits. These jars, in turn, held the preserved liver, lungs, stomach, and intestines of the deceased. The brain would have been discarded, and the heart left in the body

Khafre’s necropolis also boasted an unprecedented profusion of statues, among them the Sphinx. Carved from bedrock in front of Khafre’s pyramid, the Sphinx depicts the pharaoh as a human-headed lion, wearing the headdress of the pharaohs. The great statue is the embodiment of Khafre, the third ruler of the 4th dynasty, as the god Horus.

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Artwork Comments

  • cherylc1
  • Kristina K
  • Brion Marcum
  • joak
  • Anita Inverarity
  • Paul Hickson
  • Roddy Atkinson
  • Darlene Lankford Honeycutt
  • Roddy Atkinson
  • Darlene Lankford Honeycutt
  • Roddy Atkinson
  • virginian
  • Roddy Atkinson
  • AngieDavies
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