Tywyn Merioneth


Chester, United Kingdom

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Mid Wales UK

Tywyn (formerly sometimes Towyn) is a town and seaside resort on the Cardigan Bay coast of southern Gwynedd, Wales. It previously was in the historic county of Merionethshire. It is famous as the location of the Cadfan Stone, a stone cross with the earliest known example of written Welsh.

The name derives from the Welsh tywyn (‘beach, seashore, sand-dune’); extensive sand dunes are still to be found to the north and south of the town. The place-name element tywyn is found in many other parts of Wales, most notably Towyn near Abergele.
The town is sometimes referred to in Welsh as Tywyn Meirionnydd (with Meirionnydd here probably referring to the cantref of that name which lay between the River Mawddach and the River Dovey). In English, during the late nineteenth century and until the middle of the twentieth century, the town was sometimes called Towyn-on-Sea.
In Welsh the name is normally pronounced as [ˈtəʊ.ᵻn]. Historically, the name was normally spelled in Welsh either as Tywyn or Towyn. With the standardization of the orthography of the Welsh language in the first part of the twentieth century, the standard spelling Tywyn came to dominate, and was accepted as the official name of the town in both languages in the 1970s.
The current English pronunciation is normally /ˈtaʊ.ɪn/. This was historically spelled Towyn. Until the 1970s, therefore, the Towyn spelling was usual in English and sometimes used in Welsh, although the pronunciation was different in the two languages.
The spelling Towyn is now considered to be an Anglicization and is rarely used.

The town’s historic centre lies about a kilometer from the beach, around the church of St Cadfan’s. In the second half of the nineteenth century the town expanded considerably, mainly towards the sea.

St Cadfan’s Church, Tywyn
To the north of the town lie the reclaimed salt marshes of Morfa Tywyn and Morfa Gwyllt, beyond which lie the Broad Water lagoon and the mouth of the Afon Dysynni. To the north-east lie the rich farmland of Bro Dysynni and the village of Bryn-crug, and to the east the hills of Craig y Barcud and Craig Fach-Goch. To the south towards Aberdyfi is the mouth of the Afon Dyffryn Gwyn and Penllyn Marshes.
The Tywyn coastal defence scheme, a £7.6m civil engineering project, to provide a new rock breakwater above the low-tide level, rock groynes, and rock revetment to protect 80 sea-front properties was officially unveiled by Jane Davidson, the Minister for Environment, Sustainability and Housing in the Welsh Assembly Government, on 24 March 2011.

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