IO

Liis Roden

Tallinn, Estonia

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Artist's Description

Jupiter’s fifth moon, Io, is the most volcanically active body in the solar system. Io has more than 400 active volcanoes with average height of 6km on its surface. Plumes of sulfur spew upward as high as 300 kilometers. The surface of Io is splotched with lava lakes and floodplains of liquid rock. Io’s atmosphere is made primarily of sulfur. Temperatures on Io vary from extremely hot to extremely cold. Areas which feature volcanic activity can reach temperatures of over 2000C, away from these areas however will see temperatures plunge to -143C. Io is subjected to tremendous tidal forces. which cause Io’s surface to bulge up and down (or in and out) by as much as 100 m. As Jupiter rotates, it takes its magnetic field around with it, sweeping past Io and stripping off about 1 ton of Io’s material every second. This material becomes ionized in the magnetic field and forms a doughnut-shaped cloud of intense radiation referred to as a plasma torus. Radiation on Io is 1000x stronger than is needed to kill a human being.

Artwork Comments

desktop tablet-landscape content-width tablet-portrait workstream-4-across phone-landscape phone-portrait
desktop tablet-landscape content-width tablet-portrait workstream-4-across phone-landscape phone-portrait

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