“and put on the new self, which in the likeness of God has been created in righteousness and holiness of the truth.” Ephesians 4:24
The renewal of the mind in salvation brings not simply renovation of character, but transformation of the old to the new self (Cf. 2 Co. 5:17). In Christ, the old self no longer exists as it had in the past; the new self is created in the very likeness of God (cf. Gal. 2:20). Righteousness relates to the Christian moral responsibility to his fellow men reflecting the second table of the law (Ex. 20:12-17), while holiness refers to his responsibilities to God, reflecting the first table (Ex. 20:3-11). There is still sin in the believer’s unredeemed human flesh.