Canon 5D MK11
85mm lens L series
This image is part of a conceptional piece called ‘Earth series’.
1. Africa is the richest continent for diamond mining, accounting for roughly 49% of world production. The major producing countries are Congo Republic, Botswana, South Africa, Angola, Namibia, Ghana, Central African Republic, Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Zimbabwe. Political turmoil in some countries has led to severe degradation of the environment from uncontrolled mining.
2. In many African countries, there is very little industrial mining. Instead, hundreds of thousands of men and children work in dirty, dangerous, and difficult conditions digging for diamonds and they often earn less than a dollar a day. This is artisanal mining, carried out with simple picks, shovels and sieves. Artisanal diggers operate in often unsafe and hazardous conditions, with mine collapses, shootings or beatings, detentions and exploitation common in several countries.
3. The local population in the diamond regions are at risk from the mining activities as rivers are rerouted. This causes increased silting and pollution in the rivers which in turn pollutes the drinking water spreading dysentery, cholera and an increase in the number of mosquitoes carrying malaria. In addition, the degradation of the land and forested areas causes soil erosion and exposure which in turn depletes the fertility of the land for agricultural use.
1. American Museum of Natural History
2. Global Witness is British-based non-governmental organisation which investigates the role of natural resources in funding conflict and corruption around the world.