The Abbey was founded in 1217 by Malcolm I, Mormaer or Earl of Fife, and was first colonised by monks from Kinloss Abbey. Culross may have been chosen to establish an Abbey because this was the birth place of Saint Mungo.
It is evident that the Abbey was built over the earlier Pictish church supposedly founded by Saint Serf in the 6th century, as witnessed by the presence in the ruined Cistercian Church of early medieval carved stones and from a ninth-century reference to a Church of St Serf at Culross (Cuileann Ros) in a Gaelic list of the mothers of various saints.
The town of Culross, pronounced “Coo-ros”, (Gaelic: Cuileann Ros) is a former Royal Burgh.
Originally the town served as a port city on the Firth of Forth and is believed to have been founded by Saint Serf during the 6th century.
Culross Abbey Church is a Category A Listed Building (HB Number 23960).
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