Detail of the façade of the Duomo in Florence. The rhomboidal colourful spots of malachite and ruby beautifully compliment the elaborate stonework patterns at the base of the Duomo door portal.
The Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore is the cathedral church (Duomo) of Florence, Italy, begun in 1296 in the Gothic style to the design of Arnolfo di Cambio and completed structurally in 1436 with the dome engineered by Filippo Brunelleschi. The cathedral complex includes the Baptistery and Giotto’s Campanile. The basilica is one of Italy’s largest churches, and until the modern era, the dome was the largest in the world. It remains the largest brick dome ever constructed.