I found this example of classic Roman typography from c. 70 – 80 AD, Coliseum, Rome, Italy. The type nerd in me had to take a picture.
The engraving technique, although weathered, is really quite fine.
There aren’t any lowercase characters at this point in time.
The method for engraving also marked the first use of serifs in what we know as a typeface (although one could argue that the flared reed indentations used in Mesopotamian cuneiform came first). These serifs are the result of cleaning up flared ends from the incising tool.
(no Apple-Z option Imagine screwing this up. you may end up inside the Coliseum floor instead).