The European Peacock (Inachis io) is a very colourful butterfly found in Europe and temperate Asia as far as Japan, this species is more often simply referred to as a peacock butterfly.
The European Peacock (Inachis io) has a wingspan of 50 to 55 mm with distinctive colouring. The base colour is rusty red with black, blue and yellow eye spots on the wing tips with the wing underside having a cryptically dark brown or black colour.
There are two sub species the Inachis io (Caucasica) found in Azerbaijan and the Inachis io (geisha) found in Japan and far Eastern Russia.
The European Peacock (Inachis io) can be seen in woods, fields, meadows, pastures, parks, and gardens, from lowlands to 2,500 metres (8,200 ft) elevation.